Shaking Table Testing of Models of Historic Buildings and Monuments – IZIIS’ Experience

  • Veronika Shendova
  • Zoran T. Rakicevic
  • Lidija Krstevska
  • Ljubomir Tashkov
  • Predrag Gavrilovic
Conference paper
Part of the Geotechnical, Geological, and Earthquake Engineering book series (GGEE, volume 22)

Abstract

The cultural-historic heritage is the key element for the history and the identity of society, contributing to its economic and general well-being. Damages caused to historic buildings and monuments by earthquakes that occurred in the past are irreversible and these lost “documents” cannot be retrieved. In providing the protection of these structures in a manner that requires the least intervention and the greatest care to preserve authenticity, the experts are permanently challenged by the fast development and the improved performance of new materials and techniques. However, the implementation of particular strengthening methodology depends on the extent it has been investigated as well as its analytical and experimental verification. This paper presents the most important seismic shaking table investigations of models of historic buildings and monuments carried out in the IZIIS’ Dynamic Testing Laboratory, the main goal of which was assessment of the vulnerability of structures as well as testing and experimental verification of different methodologies for seismic strengthening.

Keywords

Historic Building Shake Table Test Stone Masonry Input Acceleration Historic Monument 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Carydis PG, Mouzakis HP, Papantonopoulos C, Papastamatiou D, Psycharis N, Vougioukas EA, Zambas C (1996) Experimental and numerical investigations of earthquake response of classical monuments. In: 11WCEE. Paper No. 1388, AcapulcoGoogle Scholar
  2. Danieli M, Bloch J, Ribakov Y (2008) Retrofitting heritage buildings by strengthening or using seismic isolation. In: Seismic engineering conference, MERCEA08, Reggio Calabria, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  3. De Canio G, Muscolino G, Palmeri A, Poggi M, Clemente P (2008) Shaking table tests validating two strengthening interventions on masonry buildings. In: Seismic engineering conference, MERCEA08, Reggio CalabriaGoogle Scholar
  4. Feilden BM (1982) Conservation of historic buildings. Butterworth Scientific, LondonGoogle Scholar
  5. Feilden BM (1987) Between two earthquakes. ICCROM/GCI joint publication, Rome/Marina del ReyGoogle Scholar
  6. Gavrilovic P, Stankovic V, Bojadziev M (1987) Experimental investigation of a model of masonry building on seismic shaking table. VIII Congress of Structural Engineers, YUGoogle Scholar
  7. Gavrilovic P, Ginell W, Sendova V et al (1991–1995) Seismic strengthening, conservation and restoration of churches dating from Byzantine period in Macedonia. Joint research project, IZIIS – Skopje, RZZSK – Skopje, GCI -LA; Reports IZIIS 500-76-91, vols 1–12Google Scholar
  8. Gavrilovic P, Sendova V, Tashkov Lj, Krstevska L, Ginell W, Tolles L (1996) Shaking table tests of adobe structures. Report IZIIS. IZIIS, Skopje, pp 96–36Google Scholar
  9. Gavrilovic P, Shendova V, Ginell W (1999) Seismic strengthening and repair of Byzantine Churches. J Earthq Eng (Imperial College, London) 3–2:199–235Google Scholar
  10. Gavrilovic P, Necevska–Cvetanvska G, Apostolska R (2001a) Consolidation and reconstruction of St. Panteleymon Church in Ohrid. IZIIS Report 2001Google Scholar
  11. Gavrilovic P, Shendova V, Kelley S (2001b) Earthquake protection of Byzantine Churches using seismic isolation. Macedonian – US joint research. Report IZIIS 2001, SS. Cyril and Methodius University, SkopjeGoogle Scholar
  12. Gavrilovic P, Kelley S, Shendova V (2003) A study of seismic protection techniques for the Byzantine Churches in Macedonia. J Assoc Preser Tech APT Bull XXXIV(2–3):63–71Google Scholar
  13. Gavrilovic P, Ginell W, Shendova V, Sumanov L (2004a) Conservation and seismic strengthening of Byzantine churches in Macedonia. The Getty Conservation Institute, GCI Scientific Program Reports, ISBN 0-89236-777-6, J. Paul Getty TrustGoogle Scholar
  14. Gavrilovic P, Shendova V, Kelley S (2004b) Seismic isolation: a new approach to earthquake protection of historic monuments. In: IV international seminar on structural analysis of historical constructions, SACH, Padova, pp 1257–1264Google Scholar
  15. Kelley SJ, Crowe TM (1995) In: Kelley SJ (ed) The role of the conservation engineer, ASTM STP 1258: standards for preservation and rehabilitation. ASTM, PhiladephiaGoogle Scholar
  16. Kelly J (1993) The application of seismic isolation for the retrofit of historic buildings, earthquake engineering research center, University of California, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  17. Krstevska L, Tashkov L, Gramatikov K, Kozinakov D (2008a) Shaking table test of Fossanova model. FP6-PROHITECH, Final Report IZIIS 2008Google Scholar
  18. Krstevska L, Tashkov Lj, Gramatikov K, Mazzolani F, Landolfo R (2008b) Shaking table testing of Mustafa Pasha Mosque Model. FP6-PROHITECH Project, DIII-Datasheet No.4.1.2Google Scholar
  19. Magenes G, Calvi G (1994) Shaking table test on brick masonry walls. In: 10ECEE, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  20. Manfredi G (2009) Composites for seismic protection of cultural heritage. In: Protection of Historical Buildings, PROHITECH09, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  21. Martelli A (2009) Development and application of innovative anti-seismic systems for seismic protection of cultural heritage. In: Protection of Historical Buildings, PROHITECH09, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  22. Mazzolani FM, Krstevska L, Tashkov Lj, Gramatikov K, Landolfo R (2007) Shaking table testing of Mustafa Pasha Mosque model. FP6-PROHITECH Final Report. IZIIS, SkopjeGoogle Scholar
  23. Mazzolani F, Shendova V, Gavrilovic P (2009) Design by Testing of Seismic Restoration of Mustafa Pasha Mosque in Skopje. In: Protection of Historical Buildings, PROHITECH09, ItalyGoogle Scholar
  24. Modena C, La Mendola, Terrusi A (1992) Shaking table study of a reinforced Masonry building Model. 10WCEE, vol 6, Madrid, pp 3523–3526Google Scholar
  25. Oliveira C, Costa A (2010) Reflections on the rehabilitation and the retrofit of historical constructions. Earthquake engineering in Europe, 14ECEE, SkopjeGoogle Scholar
  26. Shendova V (1998) Seismic strengthening and repair of Byzantine churches in Macedonia. Doctoral dissertation, SS. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje (in Macedonian)Google Scholar
  27. Shendova V, Gavrilovic P (2004) Implementation of a methodology using “ties and injection” developed for repair and strengthening of historic monuments. In: IV international seminar on structural analysis of historical constructions, SACH 2004, PadovaGoogle Scholar
  28. Shendova V, Stojanoski B (2004) Main Project on Repair, Strengthening and Reconstruction of St. Athanasius Church in Leshok. IZIIS Report 2004. SS. Cyril and Methodius University, Skopje, Republic of MacedoniaGoogle Scholar
  29. Shendova V, Stojanoski B (2008) Quasi-static tests on wall elements constructed during the reconstruction of St. Athanasius Church in Leshok. 14WCEE, BeijingGoogle Scholar
  30. Shendova V, Rakicevic Z, Gavrilovic P, Jurukovski D (2006) Retrofitting of Byzantine Church using passive base control system. In: 4th world conference on structural control and monitoring, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  31. Shendova V, Stojanoski B, Gavrilovic P (2007) Main project on repair and strengthening of the Mustafa Pasha Mosque in Skopje. IZIIS Report 2007–41, vol 1–3, SS. Cyril and Methodius University, SkopjeGoogle Scholar
  32. Shendova V, Gavrilovic P, Stojanoski B (2008) Integrated approach to repair and seismic strengthening of Mustafa Pasha Mosque in Skopje. In: Seismic engineering international conference, MERCEA09, Reggio di CalabriaGoogle Scholar
  33. Tashkov Lj, Krstevska L, Gramatikov K (2008) Shaking table test of model of St. Nicholas church to scale 1/3.5. FP6-PROHITECH, Final report IZIIS, IZIIS, SkopjeGoogle Scholar
  34. Tassios TP (2010) Seismic engineering of monuments. Earthquake Engineering in Europe, 14ECEE, SkopjeGoogle Scholar
  35. Tolles L, Kimbro E, Webster F, Ginell W (2000) Seismic stabilization of historic adobe structures. Final report of the Getty Seismic Adobe Project, The Getty Conservation Institute, Los AngelesGoogle Scholar
  36. Tomazevic M, Lutman M (1996) Seismic behaviour of masonry walls: modeling of hysteric rules. J Struct Eng 122(9):1048–1054CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Veronika Shendova
    • 1
  • Zoran T. Rakicevic
    • 1
  • Lidija Krstevska
    • 1
  • Ljubomir Tashkov
    • 1
  • Predrag Gavrilovic
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering SeismologyIZIIS, SS Cyril and Methodius UniversitySkopjeRepublic of Macedonia

Personalised recommendations