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Green Solvents Fundamental and Industrial Applications

  • Shadpour MallakpourEmail author
  • Zahra Rafiee
Chapter

Abstract

The toxicity and volatile nature of many organic solvents, widely utilized in huge amounts for organic reactions, have posed a serious threat to the environment. Thus, the principles of green chemistry direct to use safer and environmentally friendly solvents. The alternative solvent systems such as water, supercritical fluids, ionic liquids, and fluorinated solvents are employed for a wide range of chemical applications including synthetic, extractions, and materials chemistry. This chapter provides an overview about the use of these alternative solvents in various academic and industrial fields.

Keywords

Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization Short Reaction Time Aryl Halide Reversible Addition Fragmentation Chain Transfer Aldol Reaction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We wish to express our gratitude to the Research Affairs Division Isfahan University of Technology (IUT) for financial support. Further financial supports from National Elite Foundation (NEF) and Center of Excellency in Sensors and Green Research (IUT) are also gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Organic Polymer Chemistry Research Laboratory, Department of ChemistryIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanI. R. Iran
  2. 2.Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials InstituteIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanI. R. Iran
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryYasouj UniversityYasoujI. R. Iran

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