Tree Endophytes and Wood Biodegradation

  • Jaime Rodríguez
  • Juan Pedro Elissetche
  • Sofía Valenzuela
Chapter
Part of the Forestry Sciences book series (FOSC, volume 80)

Abstract

In nature, wood-decaying fungi play an important role in global carbon and nitrogen cycling by promoting the bioconversion of organic matter. Wood-decaying fungi colonize and degrade wood by attacking cell components with enzymatic and non-enzymatic systems. Some fungal endophytes can become activate and express the wood-decay machinery under suitable conditions. It has been proposed that endophytic fungi are involved in triggering the development of early stages of wood decay. The understanding of fungal endophytes in wood biodegradation, including invasiveness, colonization strategies and degrading mechanisms, could help to understand forest carbon cycling. The potential uses of fungal endophytes could involve biopulping and wood pretreatment for bioethanol production, among others.

Keywords

Endophytic Fungus Fungal Endophyte Wood Decay Wood Cell Wall Vascular Cambium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

BRF

Brown-rot fungi

DHBs

Dihydroxybenzenes

LP

Lignin peroxidase

MnP

Manganese peroxidase

PCR

Polymerase chain reaction

PO

Phenoloxidase

SRF

Soft-rot fungi

SEM

Scanning electron microscopy

TEM

Transmission electron microscopy

WRF

White-rot fungi

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jaime Rodríguez
    • 1
  • Juan Pedro Elissetche
    • 2
  • Sofía Valenzuela
    • 1
  1. 1.Biotechnology Center and Forest Science FacultyUniversidad de ConcepciónConcepciónChile
  2. 2.Genómica ForestalUniversidad de ConcepciónConcepciónChile

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