Diversity of Fungal Endophytes in Temperate Forest Trees

Part of the Forestry Sciences book series (FOSC, volume 80)

Abstract

Approximately 10% of around 1,000 temperate tree species have so far been investigated for the occurrence of fungal endophytes, world-wide. The observed diversity, mostly measured as species richness of cultivated strains, ranges from a few taxa to more than 100 species per tree species. Statistical species richness and molecular phylogeny analyses indicate however, that the observed species numbers are only a fraction of the effective endophyte richness of a host plant, and that the relevant unit of biological organisation may lie below the species level, at the level of populations and phylotypes. State-of-the-art high-throughput techniques such as dilution-to-extinction cultivation and massively parallel sequencing of target DNA loci could overcome the limits that have prevented exhaustive surveys so far. Further aspects of biodiversity, such as host preference and species turnover on different substrata, geographical regions, or collection times have rarely been addressed, but would reveal new patterns of biological and functional diversity of temperate forest endophytes. Furthermore, application of classical ecological theory to endophytology could lead to substantial progress in the field.

Keywords

Species Richness Endophytic Fungus Fungal Endophyte Dark Septate Endophyte Species Accumulation Curve 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviation

NGS

next generation sequencing

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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Botany and Landscape EcologyErnst-Mority-Arndt University GreifswaldGreifswaldGermany

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