Historical Roots of Forest Hydrology and Biogeochemistry

  • Kevin J. McGuireEmail author
  • Gene E. Likens
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 216)


The scientific disciplines of forest hydrology and forest biogeochemistry have contributed greatly to our understanding of the natural world even though they are relatively young disciplines. In this chapter, the historical origins, developments, and major advancements of these disciplines will be presented. The Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study (HBES) will serve as a case study to illustrate the development, integration, and new research directions of these disciplines. Finally, this chapter on the historical roots and evolution of forest hydrology and biogeochemistry sets the stage for the remaining chapters of this volume by providing a conceptual framework in which most hydrological and biogeochemical work is conducted. Excellent reviews on forest hydrology and biogeochemistry are given by Sopper and Lull (1967), Bormann and Likens (1979), Lee (1980), Waring and Schesinger (1985), Likens and Bormann (1995), Schlesinger (1997), Ice and Stednick (2004a), de la Cretaz and Barten (2007), NRC (2008), and DeWalle (2011).


Water Yield Forested Watershed Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest International Biological Program Reference Watershed 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The HBEF is operated and maintained by the USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station, Newtown Square, PA. Financial support for the long-term, ecological, and biogeochemical research at the HBEF is provided by the National Science Foundation, including the LTER and LTREB programs, and from The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. This paper is a contribution to the program of the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study. We thank Sheila Christopher-Gokkaya, W. Michael Aust, and an anonymous reviewer for providing comments on an earlier version of this chapter. Also, we thank Dave DeWalle for helpful suggestions and advice on the history of forest hydrology.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Virginia Water Resources Research Center Department of Forest Resources & Environmental ConservationVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA
  2. 2.Cary Institute of Ecosystem StudiesNew YorkUSA

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