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Numerical Simulation of Indoor Air Pollution and Atmosphere Pollution for Regions Having Complex Topography

  • Mykola Mykolayevich Biliaiev
  • Mykola Mykolayevich Kharytonov
Conference paper
Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)

Abstract

In Ukraine, to predict the area of chemical pollution after accidents with toxic substances standard model which is adopted by Government is used. This is the empirical model which possibilities are very restricted. This paper presents numerical models to simulate the flow field and pollutant concentrations in the regions with complex topography. The hydrodynamic model of inviscid flow is used to predict the velocity field over complex terrain and that is the reason of main advantage of these models, because of they do not consume much of computing time. The models can be used for express (quickly ) air quality modeling for cases of air pollution after accidents when there is lack of initial information about meteorological parameters, mass of ejection, etc.

Keywords

Air pollution Numeric simulation Local and urban scale 

References

  1. 1.
    Belayev NN, Kazakevitch MI, Khrutch VК (1999) Computer simulation of the pollutant dispersion among buildings. // Wind Engineering into 21st century. In: Proceedings of the tenth international conference on wind engineering. Copenhagen/Denmark/A. A.Balkema/Rotterdam/Brookfield, pp 1217–1220Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kadja M, Anagnostopoulos J et al. (2001) Computation of wind flow and air pollution for regions having a complex topography. In: Proceedings of 3rd European and African conference on wind engineering. Eindhoven University of Technology, the Netherlands, 2–6 July 2001, pp 355–358Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mykola Mykolayevich Biliaiev
    • 1
  • Mykola Mykolayevich Kharytonov
    • 2
  1. 1.Fluid Dynamics DepartmentDnipropetrovsk National University of Railway EngineeringDnipropetrovskUkraine
  2. 2.Soil Science & Ecology DepartmentDnipropetrovsk State Agrarian UniversityDnipropetrovskUkraine

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