International Handbook of Jewish Education pp 407-417
Havruta: What Do We Know and What Can We Hope to Learn from Studying in Havruta?
Havruta learning or paired study is a traditional mode of Jewish text study. The term itself captures two simultaneous learning activities in which the Havruta partners engage: the study of a text and learning with a partner. Confined in the past to traditional yeshivot and limited to the study of Talmud, Havruta learning has recently made its way into a variety of professional and lay learning contexts that reflect new social realities in the world of Jewish learning. However, despite its long history and its recent growing popularity, Havruta learning has received little scholarly attention. This chapter begins by mapping out the current state of Havruta learning in relation to variables such as its structural, situational, and organizational elements. It then presents a review of the research on Havruta learning, and concludes with a suggested research agenda.
- Blum Kolka, Sh., Blondeim, M., & Hacohen, G. (2008). Traditions of disagreements – from argumentative conversations about talmud texts to political discourse in the media. In M. Neiger, M. Blondeim, & T. Libes (Eds.), Coverage as story: perspectives on discourse in Israeli media. In honor of Itzhak Roeh (pp. 245–274). Jerusalem: Magness Press (Hebrew).Google Scholar
- Brawer, D. (2002). Havruta and Talmud Study: Peer interaction in critical thinking. London: University of London.Google Scholar
- Coates, J. (1996). Women talk. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
- Coates, J. (1997). Women’s friendship, women’s talk. In R. Wodak (Ed.), Gender and discourse (pp. 245–262). London, Thousand Oaks, CA and New Delhi: Sage publications.Google Scholar
- Cohen, E. (1994). Designing groupwork, strategies for the heterogeneous classroom (2nd ed.). New York: Teachers College Press.Google Scholar
- Earthman, E. A. (1992). Creating the virtual work: Readers’ processes in understanding literary texts. Research in the Teaching of English, 26(4), 351–384.Google Scholar
- Gilligan, C. (1982). In a different voice: Women’s conceptions of the self and of morality. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Halbertal, M. & Hartman Halbertal, T. (1998). The yeshivah. In A. O. Rorty (Ed.), Philosophers on education: New historical perspectives (pp. 458–469). New York: Routledge Stone.Google Scholar
- Kent, O. (2008). Interactive Text Study and the Co-Construction of Meaning: Havruta in the DeLeT Beit Midrash. Ph.d dissertation submitted at the Mandel Center for Studies in Jewish Education. Brandeis University.Google Scholar
- Ratzersdorfer Rosen, G. (2003). Empathy and aggression in Torah study: Analysis of a Talmudic description of Havruta learning. In J. Sacks & S. Handelman (Eds.), Wisdom from all my teachers (pp. 249–263). Jerusalem, New York: Urim.Google Scholar
- Schwarz, B. B. (In press). Students’ Havruta learning in Lituanian Yeshivot: The case of recurrent learning. In E. Etkes, T. Elor, M. Hed, & B. Schwartz (Eds.), Education and religion: Between tradition and innovation. Jerusalem: Magness Press (Hebrew).Google Scholar
- Segal, A. (2003). Havruta study: History benefits and enhancements. Jerusalem: ATID.Google Scholar
- Sharan, S (Ed.) (1994). Handbook of cooperative learning methods. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.Google Scholar
- Sheldon, A. (1992). “Conflict talk: Sociolinguistic challenges to self-assertion and how young girls meet them”. Merril-Palmer Quarterly, 38(1), 95–117.Google Scholar
- Sheldon, A. (1997). Talking power: Girls, gender enculturation and discourse. In R. Wodak (Ed.), Gender and Discourse (pp. 225–244). London, Thousand Oaks, CA and New Delhi: Sage Publication.Google Scholar
- Slavin, R. (1995). Cooperative learning: Theory, research and practice. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.Google Scholar
- Stampfer, S. (1995). HaYeshivah haLita’it beHithavutah. Jerusalem: Shazar (Hebrew).Google Scholar
- Tedmon, S. (1991). Collaborative acts of literacy in traditional Jewish community. Doctoral dissertation, University of Pennsylvania.Google Scholar
- Tishbi, Y. (1979). Yeshivot Lita. In Y. Praver, Y. Gutman (Eds.), Hebrew encyclopedia (Vol. 17, p. 689). Jerusalem: Society for encyclopedia Pub (Hebrew).Google Scholar
- Yair, G., Sagiv, T., Shimborsky, Sh., Akrai, S., & Lichtman, M. (2006). The impact of learning communities and open Batei Midrash in Israel. http://www.avi-chai.org (Hebrew).