Music and Evolutionary Computation

  • Cecília ReisEmail author
  • Viriato M. Marques
  • J. A. Tenreiro Machado


This paper presents a brief history of the western music: from its genesis to serialism and the Darmstadt school. Also some mathematical aspects of music are then presented and confronted with music as a form of art. The question is, are these two distinct aspects compatible? Can computers be of real help in automatic composition? The more appealing algorithmic approach is evolutionary computation as it offers creativity potential. Therefore, the Evolutionary Algorithms are then introduced and some results of GAs and GPs application to music generation are analysed.


Evolutionary computation Evolutionary algorithms Swarm intelligence Computer music 



The authors would like to acknowledge the GECAD Unit.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cecília Reis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Viriato M. Marques
    • 2
  • J. A. Tenreiro Machado
    • 1
  1. 1.Electrical Engineering DepartmentInstitute of Engineering of PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Computer Science DepartmentInstitute of Engineering of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal

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