Contributions of Natural Environments to Physical Activity

Theory and Evidence Base
  • Sjerp de VriesEmail author
  • Thomas Claßen
  • Stella-Maria Eigenheer-Hug
  • Kalevi Korpela
  • Jolanda Maas
  • Richard Mitchell
  • Peter Schantz


The idea that nearby nature stimulates people to be more physically active is quite popular. In this chapter the literature regarding the link between physical activity and the residential environment is scrutinized. More specifically, after introducing the main concepts and a theoretical framework the evidence regarding three categories of activity is examined: physical activity in general, walking and cycling (mainly by adults), and outdoor play by children. Overall activity is deemed important because of its link to total energy expenditure, and thereby health. However, the other two categories are more likely to be linked to green aspects of the environment. Also attention is paid to the possibility that activity undertaken in a natural environment is especially beneficial for one’s health. At the end of the chapter conclusions are summarized, directions for future research are proposed and policy recommendations are given, as far as possible given the current state of affairs.


Physical Activity Natural Environment Green Space Green Area Destination Area 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sjerp de Vries
    • 1
    Email author
  • Thomas Claßen
    • 2
  • Stella-Maria Eigenheer-Hug
    • 3
  • Kalevi Korpela
    • 4
  • Jolanda Maas
    • 5
  • Richard Mitchell
    • 6
  • Peter Schantz
    • 7
  1. 1.AlterraWageningenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.University of BielefeldBielefeldGermany
  3. 3.Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH)ZurichSwitzerland
  4. 4.University of TampereTampereFinland
  5. 5.EMGO Institute of VU University Medical CenterAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  6. 6.University of GlasgowGlasgowUnited Kingdom
  7. 7.Mid Sweden University and GIHÖstersundSweden

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