Phenomenology and Henology

  • Renaud BarbarasEmail author
Part of the Contributions To Phenomenology book series (CTPH, volume 61)


In Broken Hegemonies, Rainer Schürmann rereads Neoplatonism while distinguishing between two versions of the ontological difference. One is traced back to a foundation of being: this is the metaphysical difference. The other brings to light the One as the very condition of being: this is the henological difference, but it can also be termed phenomenological, since the One is the transcendental condition of appearing. I propose to show that such is precisely Patočka’s position and that his phenomenology is, therefore, a henology. The demonstration includes three stages: (1) the question of Being is to be approached on the basis of the question of appearing: ontology makes sense only as phenomenology; (2) appearing as such cannot be understood if it is referred to something appearing, whatever that may be: the phenomenological difference cannot be a metaphysical difference; and (3) there is a surpassing of beings (of appearance) toward their appearing only as the making evident of their submission to a condition of unity: the phenomenological difference makes sense only as henological difference.


Natural Attitude True Meaning Ontological Difference Transcendental Subjectivity Transcendental Condition 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UFR de PhilosophieUniversité Paris-1 Panthéon-SorbonneParis CedexFrance

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