Black Africans in England: A Diversity of Integration Experiences

  • Lavinia Mitton
  • Peter Aspinall
Part of the Understanding Population Trends and Processes book series (UPTA, volume 3)


This chapter analyses quantitative survey data to demonstrate that Black Africans from different countries of birth have different experiences of integration into British society. First, it reviews the changing pattern of Black African migration to Britain. Thereafter, background data on the age and gender composition of the Black African population, and on typical family and household structures, are considered. In the main section, data are presented on three elements of integration: differing ethnic and national identities, use of the English language and employment.


National Identity Labour Force Survey Minority Ethnic Group Lone Parenthood Somali Woman 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The financial support of the ESRC for the research on which this chapter is based is gratefully acknowledged (grant RES-163-25-0040). The support of the Office for National Statistics, CCSR and ESRC/JISC Census of Population Programme is gratefully acknowledged. The authors alone are responsible for the interpretation of the data. Census output is Crown copyright and is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen’s Printer for Scotland.

The Labour Force Survey Office was carried out by the Office for National Statistics and the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency, and was made available through the UK Data Archive, University of Essex, Colchester. The Citizenship Survey 2007 was carried out by Communities and Local Government and the National Centre for Social Research and made available through the UK Data Archive, University of Essex, Colchester. The National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles II (NATSAL II), 2000–2001 is copyright of the National Centre for Social Research and A. Johnson, K. Fenton, A. Copas, C. Mercer, A. McCadden, C. Carder, G. Ridgway, K. Wellings, W. Macdowall and K. Nanchahal and was made available through the UK Data Archive, University of Essex, Colchester. The Millennium Cohort Study, Third Survey, 2006, is copyright of the University of London, Centre for Longitudinal Studies and was made available through the UK Data Archive, University of Essex, Colchester.

Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO and the Queen’s Printer for Scotland. The original data creators, depositors, copyright holders, and the funders of the surveys, and the UK Data Archive, bear no responsibility for their further analysis or interpretation here.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social Policy, Sociology and Social Research, University of KentCanterburyUK
  2. 2.Centre for Health Services Studies, George Allen Wing, University of KentCanterburyUK

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