Advertisement

Homestead Agroforestry: a Potential Resource in Bangladesh

  • M. Giashuddin MiahEmail author
  • M. Jahangir Hussain
Chapter
Part of the Sustainable Agriculture Reviews book series (SARV, volume 3)

Abstract

Homestead, the home and adjacent grounds occupied by a family, is the potential production area in Bangladesh, especially for the resource poor group. Homestead production system, which is popularly called homestead agroforestry or home gardening (the integrated production of crops, trees, and/or livestock in the household’s residence and its surrounding areas), has been playing an important role in the rural economy of Bangladesh since time immemorial, and providing various essential products and services to millions of rural households. But it receives little attention of the researchers for maximizing the production. This review article highlights the resources and contribution of the homestead to draw attention of the researchers and planners for scientific interventions. The size and structure of homesteads are linked to economic, social, and ecological factors. The homesteads are generally small in size but numerically they are increasing steadily with population. Population pressure and subsistence economy have forced the households to utilize all the sites of a homestead as individual production units. It combines all farming components and forms a highly intensive and multi-strata integrated production system depending on household needs, preferences and knowledge. The homestead agroforestry provides multiple products to the household and meets the diversified needs including food, nutrition, and energy securities, producing a wide variety of fruits, vegetables, and tree products. It also contributes to household income and saving through sales of vegetables, fruits, and other tree products, and to the creation of employment opportunity particularly for the women. Collectively, homestead production system contributes about 70% fruit, 40% vegetable, 70% timber, and 90% firewood and bamboo requirement of the country (Miah and Ahmed 2003). Although there is more fascination to planting fast-growing timber species, fruit trees still dominate over other trees. The small farmers tend to plant more trees per unit area. Homesteads serve as the home for biodiversity conservation, which is a serious ecological issue in Bangladesh. They are also used as processing centers for the poor households. Homestead, being the residential part of a household, enables the women, who constitute almost half of the labor force in Bangladesh, to efficiently manage homestead activities. Planting improved plant species, optimum management of the resources, efficient processing, and marketing of the products could contribute significantly to the livelihood of the poor.

Keywords

Employment homestead agroforestry income multiple products nutrition women empowerment 

References

  1. Abedin MZ, Quddus MA (1990) Houshold fuel situation, home gardens and agroforestry practices at six agro-ecologically different locations of Bangladesh. In: Abedin MZ, Lai CK, Ali MO (eds) Homestead plantation and agroforestry in Bangladesh – Proceedings of a National Workshop, BARI/RWEDP/WINROCK, pp19–53Google Scholar
  2. Ahmad KU (1995) Vegetable crops business in Bangladesh. A consultancy report under AVRDC-BARC/BARI-USAID Bangladesh project, BARI, Gazipur, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  3. Ahmed MFU (1999) Homestead agroforestry in Bangladesh: A case study of Gazipur district. A master of science dissertation in Agroforestry and Environment. Department of Agroforestry and Environment, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  4. Akther A (1990) Involvement of women in homestead production in a selected village of Tangail district. A master of science dissertation in Agriculural extension and education, Bangladesh Agricultural University, MymensinghGoogle Scholar
  5. Alam MS (2004) Indigenous agroforestry knowledge: Agro-economic studies on Latkan (Baccaurea sapida) production at Narsingdi District. A master of science dissertation in agroforestry and environment. Department of Agroforestry and Environment, BSMR Agricultural University, Gazipur, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  6. Ali MM (2003) Women’s participation and contribution on homestead agroforestry production activities: A case study at Bogra district. A master of science dissertation in agroforestry. Department of Agroforestry, Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU), Mymensigh, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  7. Anam K (1999) Homestead agroforestry in the level Barind tract: A diagnostic study. A master of science dissertation in Agroforestry and environment. Department of Agroforestry and Environment, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  8. Atikullah SM (2008) Homestead plant biodiversity in the Southwestern coastal zone of Bangladesh. A dissertation work for doctor of philosophy degree, Department of Botany, Jahangirnagar University, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  9. Basak NR (2002) Study on composition of trees in homesteads at different ecological zones in Bangladesh. A master of science dissertation in Agroforestry and environment. Department of Agroforestry and Environment, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  10. Bashar MA (1999) Homestead agroforestry: Impact on biodiversity conservation and household food security. A case study of Gazipur District, Bangladesh. A master of science dissertation, Agricultural University of NorwayGoogle Scholar
  11. BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics) (2001) Statistical yearbook of Bangladesh, 2000. Ministry of planning, Government of people’s republic of Bangladesh, DhakaGoogle Scholar
  12. BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics) (2005) Statistical yearbook of Bangladesh, 2001. Ministry of planning, Government of people’s republic of Bangladesh, DhakaGoogle Scholar
  13. Chowdhury MK, Islam MA, Satter MA (1992) Homestead vegetable production in Bangladesh. In: Proceedings of a workshop on Vegetable production and marketing, AVRDC, pp 64–77Google Scholar
  14. Forestry Department (2004) Participatory forestry newsletter. Bulletin 3 (December 2004), Ban Bhaban, DhakaGoogle Scholar
  15. FAO (1982) Village forestry inventory in Bangladesh: Project findings and recommendations. United nation development programme. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, p 25Google Scholar
  16. FAO (2005) FAO statistics database, October 2005Google Scholar
  17. FSES (Farming Systems and Environmental Studies) (1999) Fact searching and intervention, 1996–1998. FSES Publication No. 71, FSES, Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU)Google Scholar
  18. Fernandes ECM, Nair PKR (1986) An evaluation of the structure and function of some tropical homegardens. Agrofor Syst 21:179–210Google Scholar
  19. Haq L (1986) The role of biomass in Bangladesh economy. In: Proceedings of the seminar on Biomass production. Science and Technology Division, Ministry of Education, Government of the Peoples Republic of BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  20. Haque MA (1996) Homestead agroforestry in Bangladesh. In: Agroforestry in Bangladesh. Village and farm forestry programme, SDC, Dhaka and BAU, MymensinghGoogle Scholar
  21. Helen Keller International (2001) Monitoring of activities in village nurseries and household gardens. A summary report of surveys 14–17 under NGO gardening and nutrition education surveillance project, Helen Keller International, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  22. Helen Keller International (2003) Life in the chars in Bangladesh: Improving nutrition and supporting livelihoods through homestead food production. Nuritional Surveillance Project Bulletin No. 14Google Scholar
  23. Heyhood VH, Watson RT (1995) Biodiversity assessment. UNEP, Cambridge University Press, pp 5–105Google Scholar
  24. Hossain SMM (1995) Peri-urban and urban cultivation of vegetables and its role in agribusiness. Paper presented at the workshop on Vegetable crops agribusiness, held at Dhaka during May 2–4, 1995Google Scholar
  25. Hussain MH (1992) Horticulture and nutrition. In: Horticulture in National Development. BSHS/Department of Horticulture, Bangladesh Agricultural University, pp 36–47Google Scholar
  26. Hussain MJ (1995) The role of non-forest land in wood fuel production in Bangladesh. Proccedings of a regional workshop organised by RWEDP/FAO/FD in BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  27. Hussain MJ (2002) A study on agroforestry sector review – Bangladesh. A consultancy report sponsored by intercooperation (mandated by SDC, Embassy of Switzerland), BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  28. Hussain MJ, Miah MG (2004) Homestead agroforestry production and management manual. The small farmers and agroforestry development programme (SADP), GTZ and DAE, Rangpur, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  29. Intercooperation (2000) Agroforestry and the poor in Bangladesh. Agroforestry on private land – reducing rural poverty. Intercopperation, Dhaka, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  30. Javier EQ (1992) Vegetable production and marketing. In: Proceddings of a national review and planning workshop, AVRDC/BARI/BARC-USAID, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  31. Khaleque K (1987) Homestead forestry practices in Bangladesh. Agroforestry for rural needs. Proceedings of the workshop of IUFRO project group 115, India, pp 1–12Google Scholar
  32. Khan MS, Rahman MM, Ali MA (2001) Red data book of vascular plants of Bangladesh. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka. ISBN 984-32-0128-0Google Scholar
  33. Kumar BM, Nair PKR (2004) The enigma of tropical homegardens. Agrofor Syst 61 (in press)Google Scholar
  34. Latif MA, Alam MK, Mustafa ME (2001) Floristic diversity, growth statistics and indigenous management techniques of traditional homegardens in Bangladesh. Final report of a contract research project of BARC, BFRI and IFESCU, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  35. Mandal AS (2003) Trend in rural economy in Bangladesh: Issues and strategies for development. In: Rahman AA, Haque N, Mallick D(eds) Natural resource management: Towards better integration. BCAS and DFID, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  36. Miah MAM, Parveen S (1993) Income from women homestead farming, Bangladesh J of Extension Education, vol 8. BAU, Mymensingh.Google Scholar
  37. Miah MD, Sadeq M (2003) Homestead agroforestry products and their utilization in the Old Brahmaputra Floodplain area of Bangladesh. Institute of Forestry and Environmental Sciences, University of Chittagong, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  38. Miah MG, Hussain MJ (2003) Homestead agroforestry in Bangladesh: Potential resource for the rural households. Paper presented in the first World Congress of Agroforestry, held on 27 June to 02 July 2004, USA, Book of Abstract, p 134Google Scholar
  39. Miah MG, Ahmed FU, Ahmed MM, Alam MN, Choudhury NH, Hamid MA (2002) Agroforestry in Bangladesh: Potentials and opportunities. Country Paper: Presented in ICRAF’s South Asia Regional Agroforestry Consultation Workshop held on 23–25 November 2002 at New Delhi, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  40. Miah MG, Ahmed MM (2003) Traditional agroforestry in Bangladesh: Livelihood activities of the rural households. A Poster Presented at the XII World Forestry Congress, held in September 2003, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  41. Miah MG, Ahamed T, Rahman MA, Alam KMK (2003) Effect of light levels on morphology and yield of four chilli genotypes. J Sub-tropical Agril Res Dev 1(1):28–32Google Scholar
  42. Miah MG, Haque MM, Rahman MA, Ahamed T, Wadud MA, Miah MMU, Boshir MM (2001) Screening of understorey crops under different light levels for agroforestry systems. In: Development of agroforestry research in Bangladesh. Proceedings of a National Workshop, held September 16–17, 2001, Gazipur, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  43. Miah MG, Khair ABM, Abedin MZ (January 1989) Rural household fuel situation in Bangladesh: Evidences from a farming system research site. J Rural Develop XIX(1):51–68Google Scholar
  44. Miah MG, Rahman MA, Haque MM (1999) Performance of onion under reduced light levels for agroforestry and intercropping systems. Bull Inst of Trop Agri 22:31–38Google Scholar
  45. Millat-e-Mustafa MD, Hall JB, Teklehaimanot Z (1996) Structure and floristics of Bangladesh homegardens. Agrofor Syst 33:263–280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. MoA (Ministry of Agriculture)-UNPD (2000) Integrated horticulture and nutrition development project. BGD/97/041/01/99. Implementing agency: Department of agricultural extension, Ministry of agriculture and food and Agriculure organization of the United NationsGoogle Scholar
  47. Moniruzzaman M (2004) Effect of light intensity and nitrogen on the yield and quality of Bangladhonia (Eryngium foestidum, L). A master of science dissertation in Horticulture. Department of Horticulture, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Gazipur, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  48. Nessa JSK, Hossain SMA, Fouzder SK (1998) Participation of family members in homestead and off-farm activities according to gender differences. Bangladesh J Ext Ed 10(1 and 2):81–85Google Scholar
  49. Quddus MA, Madamba JC, Hussain MJ (1989) Agroforestry and agribusiness in Bangladesh. In: Abedin MZ, Lai CK, Ali MO (eds) Homestead plantation and agroforestry in Bangladesh – Proceedings of a National Workshop, BARI/RWEDP/WINROCKGoogle Scholar
  50. Samsuzzaman S (2002) Sustainable livelihood for the rural poor of Bangladesh: A way forward. Integrated Homestead Farming, RDRS (Rangpur Dinajpur Rural Service), BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  51. Sharifullah AK, Ali ME, Kamruzzaman M (1992) Energy situation in rural areas of Bangladesh: A case study of three villages. Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development, Comilla, Bangladesh, p 40Google Scholar
  52. Sultana P (1993) Gender roles in agricultural production and crop diversification programme. Paper presented at workshop on social and gender analysis and gender awareness building, held during 1–2 December, Dhaka, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  53. Talukder A, Khan TA, Baker SK, Zakaria AKM, Bloem MW, Kiess LK (1997) Home gardening activities in Bangladesh. In: Satter S (ed) Mapping report and inventory. Helen Keller International, Incorporated. ISBN 984-8185-04-8Google Scholar
  54. Talukder A, Tabibul AK, Baker S, Bloem MW (1995) Resource and technology requirement for ensuring household food security through homegardening. Paper presented at the workshop on vegetable crops agribusiness, held during 2–4 May, 1995, AVRDC/BARC-BARI vegetable project, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  55. Torquesbiau E (1992) Are tropical homegardens sustainable? Agri Ecosyst Envt 41:189–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Tsou SCS (1992) Vegetable production and marketing. In: Proceddings of a national review and planning workshop. AVRDC/BARI/BARC-USAID, BangladeshGoogle Scholar
  57. Uddin MS, Rahman MJ, Mannan MA, Begum SA, Rahman AFMF, Uddin MR (2002) Plant biodiversity in the homesteads of saline area of Southeastern Bangladesh. Pakistan J of Bio Sci 5(6):710–714Google Scholar
  58. Yoshino K (1996) Plant resource utilization in ‘Baribhita’ (homestead) in Bangladesh: A case study in a village in the Old Brahmaputra Floodplain. Tropics 6(1/2):117–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agroforestry and EnvironmentBangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU)GazipurBangladesh
  2. 2.Livelihood Program, Save the ChildrenDhakaBangladesh

Personalised recommendations