Basel Earthquake, 1356
The 1356 Basel earthquake, also known as the Great Basel Earthquake, belongs to the most significant seismological events which occurred in Central Europe in the whole recorded history. The earthquake was felt widely across a greater part of continental Europe, with reports on the event from as far away as Paris in the west and Prague in the east. The earthquake's epicenter was located in the Swiss Jura Mountains, ~25–30 km southwest of the Basel town, in the depth h = 10 ± 5 km. The maximum range of the earthquake perception was about 800 km in diameter and the pertinent isoseismal area covered ~500,000 km2. The number of casualties was assessed as 1,000–2,000 (Tiedemann 1991; ECOS 2002).