Regulatory Role of Membrane Fluidity in Gene Expression

Part of the Advances in Photosynthesis and Respiration book series (AIPH, volume 30)

Summary

Plants and other photosynthetic organisms experience frequent changes in environment. Their ability to survive depends on their capacity to acclimate to such changes. In particular, fluctuations in temperature and/or osmolarity affect the fluidity of cytoplasmic and thylakoid membranes. The molecular mechanisms responsible for the perception of changes in membrane fluidity have not been fully characterized. However, the analysis of genome-wide gene expression with DNA microarrays has provided a powerful new approach to studies of the contribution of membrane fluidity to gene expression and to the identification of environmental sensors. In this chapter, we summarize the knowledge on the mechanisms that regulate membrane fluidity, on putative sensors that perceive changes in membrane fluidity, and on the subsequent expression of genes that ensures acclimation to a new set of environmental conditions.

Abbreviations

DPH

1,6-Diphenyl-1,3,5-hexatriene

FTIR spectroscopy

Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy

PAS domain

Per-ARNT-Sim conservative motif

rbp

RNA-binding protein

SRE

Sterol responsive element

SREBP

Sterol responsive element binding protein

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Plant PhysiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Department of GeneticsMoscow State University; Vorobievy GoryMoscowRussia

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