Comprehensive Analysis of Dewetting Profiles to Quantify Hydrodynamic Slip
Hydrodynamic slip of Newtonian liquids is a new phenomenon, the origin of which is not yet clarified. There are various direct and indirect techniques to measure slippage. Here we describe a method to characterize the influence of slippage on the shape of rims surrounding growing holes in thin polymer films. Atomic force microscopy is used to study the shape of the rim; by analyzing its profile and applying an appropriate lubrication model we are able to determine the slip length for polystyrene films. In the experiments we study polymer films below the entanglement length that dewet from hydrophobized (silanized) surfaces. We show that the slip length at the solid/liquid interface increases with increasing viscosity. The correlation between viscosity and slip length is dependent on the type of silanization. This indicates a link between the molecular mechanism of the interaction of polymer chains and silane molecules under flow conditions that we will discuss in detail.
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