Kinderen met een psychiatrische stoornis en hun taalontwikkeling

oktober 2006
  • H.F.M. Peters
  • R. Bastiaanse
  • J. Van Borsel
  • K. Jansonius-Schultheiss
  • P.H.O. Dejonckere
  • Sj. Van der Meulen
  • B.J.E. Mondelaers


Taalstoornissen en psychiatrische stoornissen komen vaak samen voor bij één kind. Taalgestoorde kinderen hebben een verhoogde kans op een psychiatrische stoornis. Het omgekeerde geldt ook: kinderen die in behandeling zijn voor een psychiatrische stoornis hebben vaak een taalstoornis. Wanneer twee stoornissen bij één kind tegelijkertijd voorkomen, noemen we deze stoornissen comorbide.


  1. Adams, C. (2002). Practitioner Review: The assessment of language pragmatics. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43, 973-87.Google Scholar
  2. Adams, C., Green, J., Gilchrist, A., & Cox, A. (2002). Conversational behaviour of children with Asperger syndrome and Conduct disorder. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 43, 679-690.Google Scholar
  3. Allen, D.A., Steinberg, M., Dunn, M., Fein, D., Feinstein, C., Waterhouse, L., & Rapin, I. (2001). Autistic disorder versus pervasive developmental disorders in young children: same or different? European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 10, 67-78.Google Scholar
  4. American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders:dsm-iv-tr, Fourth edition, Washington DC: apa.Google Scholar
  5. Arnold, E.M., Golston, D.B., Walsh, A.K., Reboussin, B.A., Daniel, S.S., Hickman, E., & Wood, F.B. (2005). Severity of emotional and behavioral problems among poor and typical readers, Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 33, 205-17.Google Scholar
  6. Ayres, A.J. (1994). Sensory Integration and the child. Thesis, Los Angeles: Western Psychological Services.Google Scholar
  7. Baltaxe, C.A.M., & Simmons, J.Q. (1995). Speech and language disorders in children and adolescents with schizophrenia, Schizophrenia Bulletin, 21, 677-92.Google Scholar
  8. Barkley, R.A., Cunningham, C.E., & Karlsson, J. (1983). The speech of hyperactive children and their mothers: comparison with normal children and stimulant drugs effects. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 16,105-10.Google Scholar
  9. Baron-Cohen, S., Tager-Flusberg, H., & Cohen, D. (2000). Understanding other minds, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Beitchman, J.H., & Ingles, A. (1991). The continuum of linguistic dysfunction from pervasive developmental disorders to dyslexia. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 14, 95-111.Google Scholar
  11. Beitchman, J.H., Wilson, B., Johnson, C.J., Atkinson, L., Young, A., Adlaf, E., Escobar, M., & Douglas, L. (2001). Fourteen year follow-up of speech/language-impaired and control children: psychiatric outcome. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 1, 75-82.Google Scholar
  12. Berckelaer-Onnes, I. van (2002). Autisme in een notendop. Logopedie en Foniatrie, 9, 225-30.Google Scholar
  13. Bergman, R.L., Picentini, J., & McCracken, J.T. (2002). Prevalence and description of selective mutism in a school-based sample. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 41, 938-946.Google Scholar
  14. Bishop, D., & Frazier Norbury, C. (2005a). Executive functions in children with communication impairments, in relation to autistic symptomatology, 1: Generativity. Autism, 9, 7-27.Google Scholar
  15. Bishop, D., & Frazier Norbury, C. (2005b). Executive functions in children with communication impairments, in relation to autistic symptomatology, 2: Response inhibition. Autism, 9, 29-43.Google Scholar
  16. Blankenstijn, C.J.K., & Scheper, A.R. (2003). Language development in children with psychiatric impairment. Academisch proefschrift, Utrecht: lot publications.Google Scholar
  17. Breevaart, A. (2005). Selectief mutisme. Een succesvolle behandeling. Logopedie & Foniatrie, 77, 264-70.Google Scholar
  18. Brinton, B., & Fujiki, M. (1993). Clinical Forum: language and social skills in the school-age population. Language, Social skills and socio-emotional behaviour. Language, Speech and Hearing Services in schools, 24, 194-8.Google Scholar
  19. Brüne, M., & Bodenstein, L. (2004). Proverb comprehension reconsidered – ‘theory of mind’ and the pragmatic use of language in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 2, 233-9.Google Scholar
  20. Bunk, D., Eggers, C., & Klapal, M. (1999). Symptom dimensions in the course of childhood-onset schizophrenia. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 8, 29-35.Google Scholar
  21. Cannon, M., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T.E., Harrington, H., Taylor, A., Murray, R.M., & Poulton, R. (2002). Evidence for early, pan-developmental impairment specific to schizophreniform disorder – Results from a longitudinal birth cohort. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59, 449-56.Google Scholar
  22. Caplan, R., Guthrie, D., & Komo, S. (1997). Conversational repair in childhood onset schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 24, 12.Google Scholar
  23. Carroll, J.M., Maughan, B., Goodman, R., & Meltzer, H. (2005). Literacy difficulties and psychiatric disorders: evidence for comorbidity. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46, 524-532.Google Scholar
  24. Charman, T., Taylor, E. Drew, A., Cockerill, H., Brown, J., & Baird, G. (2005). Outcome at 7 years of children diagnosed with autism at age 2: predictive validity of assessments conducted at 2 and 3 years of age and pattern of symptom change over time. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46,500-13.Google Scholar
  25. Childre D., & Rozman, D. (2002). Overcoming emotional chaos, eliminate anxiety, lift depression, and create security in your life. San Diego: Jodere Group.Google Scholar
  26. Clegg, J., Hollis, C., Mawhood, L., & Rutter, M. (2005). Developmental language disorders – a followup in later adult life. Cognitive, language and psychosocial outcomes. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46,128-49.Google Scholar
  27. Cohen, N.J., Vallance, D.D., Barwick, M., Im, N., Menna, R., Horodezky, N., & Isaacson, L. (2000). The interface between adhd and Language Impairment: an examination of language, achievement and cognitive processing. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, 353-62.Google Scholar
  28. Cohen, N.J. (2001). Language Impairment and psychopathology in Infants, Children and Adolescents. Developmental Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry 45. London: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  29. Condray, R. (2005). Language disorder in schizophrenia as a developmental learning disorder. Schizophrenia Research, 73, 5-20.Google Scholar
  30. Covington, M.A., He, C., Brown, C. Naçi, L., McClain, J.T., Fjordbak, B.S., Semple, J., & Brown, J. (2005). Schizophrenia and the structure of language: The linguist’s view. Schizophrenia Research, 77, 85-98.Google Scholar
  31. Docherty, N.M., DeRosa, M., & Andreasen, N. (1996). Communication disturbances in schizophrenia and mania, Archives of Genetic Psychiatry, 53, 358-64.Google Scholar
  32. Dummit, E.S., Klein, R., Tancer, N.K., Asche, B., Martin, J., & Fairbanks, J.A. (1997). Systematic Assessment of 50 children with Selective Mutism. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 653-60.Google Scholar
  33. Eggers, C. (1999). Some remarks on etiological aspects of early-onset schizophrenia. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 8, 1-4.Google Scholar
  34. Eggers, C., Bunk, D., Volberg, G., & Röpcke, B. (1999). The Essen study of childhood-onset schizophrenia:selected results. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 8, 21-28.Google Scholar
  35. Engeland, H. van (2003). Rett-syndroom. In F.C. Verhulst, F. Verheij & R.F. Ferdinand (red.). Kinder- en Jeugdpsychiatrie. Psychopathologie. Assen: Koninklijke Van Gorcum, 73.Google Scholar
  36. Evans, M.A. (1996). Reticent primary grade children and their more talkative peers: verbal, nonverbal and self-concept characteristics. Journal of Educational Psychology, 88, 4, 739-49.Google Scholar
  37. Eysenck, M.W., & Calvo, M.G. (1992). Anxiety and performance: the processing efficiency theory. Cognition and Emotion, 6, 409-34.Google Scholar
  38. Fisher, N., Happé, F., & Dunn, J. (2005). The relationship between vocabulary, grammar, and false belief task performance in children with autistic spectrum disorders and children with moderate learning difficulties. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 46, 409-19.Google Scholar
  39. Foreman, D.M., Dover, S.J., & Hill, A.B. (1997). Emotional and semantic priming as a measure of information processing in young people with school refusal: a research note. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 38, 855-60.Google Scholar
  40. Frith, U. (2004). Emanuel Miller lecture: Confusion and controversies about Asperger Syndrome. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 4, 672-686.Google Scholar
  41. Fuller, R., Nopoulos, P., Arndt, S., O’Leary, D., Ho, B.C., & Andreasen, N.C. (2002). Longitudinal assessment of premorbid cognitive functioning in patients with schizophrenia through examination of standardized scholastic test performance. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159, 1183-9.Google Scholar
  42. Geurts, H.M. (2003). Executive functioning profiles inadhdandhfa. Academisch proefschrift, Enschede: Print Partner Ipskamp.Google Scholar
  43. Geurts, H.M. (2005). Children’s Communication Checklist-2-NL (ccc-list). Nederlandse vertaling, in voorbereiding.Google Scholar
  44. Geurts, H.M., Verté, S., Oosterlaan, J., Roeyers, H., Hartman, C.A., Mulder, E.J., Berckelaer-Onnes, I.E. van, & Sergeant, J.A. (2004). How specific are executive functioning deficits in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and autism? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 836-54.Google Scholar
  45. Gevers Deynoot-Schaub, M.J.J.M. (2006). Young children’s behavior and experiences in child care centers: A longitudinal study. Academisch proefschrift, Amsterdam: SCO-Kohnstamm Instituut.Google Scholar
  46. Goldstein, H., & Gallagher, T.M. (1992). Strategies for promoting the social communicative competence of young children with specific language impairment. In S.L. Odom, S.R. McConnell & M.A. McEvoy (eds). Social competence of young children with disabilities: issues and strategies for intervention. Baltimore (MD): Paul H. Brookes, 189-213.Google Scholar
  47. Güldner, M., & Wippo, E. (2003). Selectief mutisme, de stand van zaken. Kind en Adolescent, 200-8.Google Scholar
  48. Gunnell, D., Harrison, G., Rasmussen, F., Fouskakis, D., & Tynelius, P. (2002). Associations between premorbid intellectual performance, Early-life exposures and early onset of schizophrenia. British Journal of Psychiatry, 181, 298-305.Google Scholar
  49. Gunning, W.B. (2003). Middelenmisbruik. In F.C. Verhulst, F. Verheij & R.F. Ferdinand (red.). Kinder- en Jeugdpsychiatrie. Psychopathologie. Assen: Koninklijke Van Gorcum, 448-460.Google Scholar
  50. Hale, C. M., & Tager-Flusberg, H. (2005). Social communication in children with autism, the relationship between theory of mind and discourse development. Autism, 9, 157-78.Google Scholar
  51. Hamilton, E.B., Asarnow, J.R., & Tompson, M.C. (1997). Social, academic and behavioral competence of depressed children: relationship to diagnostic status and family interaction style. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 26, 77-87.Google Scholar
  52. Happé, F.G.E. (2001). Exploring the cognitive phenotype of autism: weak central coherence in parents and siblings of children with autism: I. Experimental tests. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42, 299-307.Google Scholar
  53. Hart, H. (2004). Speech and language disorders and associated problems: meeting children’s needs. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 46, 435.Google Scholar
  54. Hartman, C.A., Geurts, H.M., Bennink, A.C., Roeyers, H., Sergeant, J.J., & Bishop, D.V.M. (1998). Children’s Communication Checklist (ccc-list). Nederlandse vertaling, onderzoeksversie.Google Scholar
  55. Higgins, D.J., Bailey, S.R., & Pearce, J.C. (2005). Factors associated with functioning style and coping strategies of families with a child with an autism spectrum disorder. Autism, 9, 125-37.Google Scholar
  56. Hulshoff, H.E., Pol, R.G., Brans, R.G.H., Haren, N.E.M. van, Schnack, H.G., Langen, M., Baaré, W.F.C., Oel, C.J., & Kahn, R.S. (2004). Gray and white matter volume abnormalities in monozygotic and same-sex dizygotic twins discordant for schizophrenia. Biological Psychiatry, 55, 126-30.Google Scholar
  57. Irwin, J.R., Carter, A.S., & Briggs-Gowan, M.J. (2002). The social-emotional development of late-talking toddlers. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry,41, 1324-32.Google Scholar
  58. Jong, J. de (1999). Specific Language Impairment in Dutch: Inflectional Morphology and Argument structure. Academisch proefschrift. Enschede: Print Partners Ipskamp.Google Scholar
  59. Jonsdottir, S., Bouma, A., Sergeant, J.A., & Scherder, E.J.A. (2005). The impact of specific language impairment on working memory in children with adhd combined subtype. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology,20, 443-56.Google Scholar
  60. Kagan, J., Reznick, J.S., & Snidman, N. (1987). The physiology and psychology of behavior-al inhibition in children. Child Development, 58, 1459-73.Google Scholar
  61. Kasari, C., & Rotheram-Fuller, E. (2005). Current trends in psychological research on children with high-functioning autism and Asperger disorder. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 18, 497-501.Google Scholar
  62. Kim, O.H., & Kaiser, A.P. (2000). Language characteristics of children with adhd. Communication Disorders Quarterly,21, 154-65.Google Scholar
  63. Klin, A. (2004). When Asperger’s Syndrome and a Nonverbal Learning Disorder look alike. Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 25, 190-5.Google Scholar
  64. Klin, A., Pauls, D., Schultz, R., & Volkmar, F. (2005). Three diagnostic approaches to Asperger Syndrome: Implications for Research. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 35, 221-34.Google Scholar
  65. Kopp, S., & Gillberg, C. (1997). Selective mutism: A population based study. Journal of ChildPsychology and Psychiatry,38, 257-62.Google Scholar
  66. Kremer-Sadlik, T. (2004). How children with Autism and Asperger Syndrome respond to questions: a ‘naturalistic’ theory of mind task, Discourse Studies, 6 (2), 185-206.Google Scholar
  67. Kristensen, H. (2002). Selective mutism and comorbidity with developmental disorder/delay, anxiety disorder and elimination disorder. Journal of the American Academy of Child andAdolescent Psychiatry, 39, 249-56.Google Scholar
  68. Krysanski, V.L. (2003). A brief review of selective mutism literature. Journal of Psychology, 137, 29-40.Google Scholar
  69. Kujala, T., Lepisto, T., Nieminen-von Wendt, T., Näätänen, P., & Näätänen, R. (2005). Neurophysiological evidence for cortical discrimination impairment of prosody in Asperger syndrome. Neuroscience Letters, 383, 260-5.Google Scholar
  70. Landman-Peeters, K.M.C., Hartman, C.A., Pompe, G. van der, Boer, J.A. den, Minderaa, R.B., & Ormel, J. (2005). Gender differences in the relation between social support, problems in parent-offspring communication, and depression and anxiety. Social Science and Medicine, 60, 2549-59.Google Scholar
  71. Langdon, R., Coltheart, M., Ward, P.B., & Catts, S.V. (2002). Disturbed communication in schizophrenia: the role of poor pragmatics and poor mind-reading. Psychological Medicine,32, 1273-84.Google Scholar
  72. Lepisto, T., Soininen, M., Ceponiene, C., Almqvist, F., Näätänen, R., & Aronen, E.T. (2004). Auditory event-related potential indices of increased distractibility in children with major depression. Clinical Neurophysiology, 115, 620-7.Google Scholar
  73. Linscott, R.J. (2005). Thought disorder, pragmatic language impairment, and generalized cognitive decline in schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 75, 225-32.Google Scholar
  74. Lorch, E.P., Eastham, D., Millich, R., Lemberger, C.C., Polley Sanchez, R., Welsh, R., & Broek, P. van den (2004). Difficulties in comprehending causal relations among children with adhd: the role of cognitive engagement. Journal of Abnormal Psychology,113, 56-63.Google Scholar
  75. Luteijn, E.F., Serra, M., Jackson, S., Steenhuis, M.P., Althaus, M., Volkmar, F., & Minderaa, R. (2000). How unspecified are disorders of children with pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified? European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 9, 168-79.Google Scholar
  76. Lyons, V., & Fitzgerald, M. (2004). Humor in Autism and Asperger Syndrome. Journal ofAutism and Developmental Disorders,34, 521-31.Google Scholar
  77. Mawhood, L., Howlin, P., & Rutter, M. (2000). Autism and developmental receptive language disorder – a comparative follow-up in early adult life, I: Cognitive and Lan-guage Outcomes. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry,41, 547-59.Google Scholar
  78. Manassis, K., Fung, D., Tannock, R., Sloman, L., Fiksenbaum, L., & McInnes, A. (2003). Characterizing selective mutism: is it more than social anxiety? Depression and Anxiety,18, 153-61.Google Scholar
  79. Manassis, K., & Young, A. (2000). Perception of emotions in anxious and learning dis-abled children. Depression and Anxiety,12, 209-16.Google Scholar
  80. McCabe, P.C. (2005). Social and behavioural correlates of preschoolers with specific language impairment. Psychology in the Schools,42, 373-87.Google Scholar
  81. McInnes, A., Humphries, T., Hogg-Johnson, S., & Tannock, R. (2003). Listening comprehension and working memory are impaired in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder irrespective of language impairment. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology,31, 427-43.Google Scholar
  82. McInnes A, Fung, D., Manassis, K., Fiksenbaum, L., & Tannock, R. (2004). Narrative skills in children with selective mutism: an exploratory study. American Journal of Speech and Language Pathology, 13, 304-15.Google Scholar
  83. McInnes, A., & Manassis, K. (2005). When silence is not golden: an integrated approach to selective mutisme. Seminars in Speech and Language. Language and social competence: an integrated approach to intervention,26, 201-10.Google Scholar
  84. McTear, M.F., & Conti-Ramsden, G. (1992). Pragmatic disability in children. London: Whurr Publishers.Google Scholar
  85. Mesman, J., & Koot, H.M. (2002). De ontwikkeling van internaliserende en externaliserende problemen van peutertijd tot pre-adolescentie: vroege voorlopers en ontwikkelingspaden. Kind en Adolescent, 23, 24-41.Google Scholar
  86. Meulen, E. van der (2003). Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Dutch children: a family study on genotype, phenotype and environment. Academisch proefschrift, Utrecht: Utrecht University Press.Google Scholar
  87. Minderaa, R.B., & Mulder, E.J. (2003). Pervasieve ontwikkelingsstoornissen niet anders omschreven. In F.C. Verhulst, F. Verheij & R.F. Ferdinand (red.). Kinder- en Jeugdpsychiatrie. Psychopathologie. Assen: Koninklijke Van Gorcum, 84-92.Google Scholar
  88. Morrison, J., & Anders, T.F. (1999). Interviewing children and adolescents, Skills and strategies for effectivedsm-iv diagnosis. New York, London: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  89. Mulder, E.J., & Minderaa, R.B. (2003). Stoornis van Asperger. In F.C. Verhulst, F. Verheij & R.F. Ferdinand (red.). Kinder- en Jeugdpsychiatrie. Psychopathologie. Assen: Koninklijke Van Gorcum, 77-83.Google Scholar
  90. Nieminen-von Wendt, T., Paavonen, J.E., Ylisaukko-Oja, T., Sarenius, S., Källman, T., Järvelä, I., & Wendt, L. von (2005). Subjective face recognition difficulties, aberrant sensibility, sleeping disturbances and aberrant eating habits in families with Asperger. BMC Psychiatry,5, 20-8.Google Scholar
  91. Noens, I. (2004). Pieces of the puzzle: sense-making and communication in autism spectrum disorders.Academisch proefschrift. Leiden: GrafiMedia.Google Scholar
  92. Noens, I., & Berkelaer-Onnes, I.A. van (2005). Captured by details: sense-making, lan-guage and communication in autism. Journal of Communication Disorders,38, 123-41.Google Scholar
  93. Oram, J., Fine, J., Okamoto, C., & Tannock, R. (1999). Assessing the language of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology,8, 72-80.Google Scholar
  94. Palacios, E.D., & Semrud-Clikeman, M. (2005). Delinquency, hyperactivity, and phonological awareness: A comparison of adolescents with odd and adhd. Applied neuropsychology,12, 94-105.Google Scholar
  95. Parigger, E., & Baker, A. (2005). Taal en aandachtstekortstoornissen met hyperactiviteit. Logopedie & Foniatrie, 77, 204-11Google Scholar
  96. Perner, J. (1991). Understanding the representational mind. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The mit Press.Google Scholar
  97. Perry, R. (2004). Early diagnosis of Asperger’s disorder: Lessons from a large clinical practice. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry,43, 1445-8.Google Scholar
  98. Pfeiffer, B., Kinnealey, M., Reed, C., & Herzberg, G. (2005). Sensory modulation and affective disorders in children and adolescents with Asperger’s disorder. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 59, 335-45.Google Scholar
  99. Philips, T.J., James, A.C.D., Crow, T.J., & Collinson, S.L. (2004). Semantic fluency is impaired but phonemic and design fluency are preserved in early-onset schizophrenia. Schizophrenia Research, 70, 215-22.Google Scholar
  100. Pilowsky T, Yirmiya, N., Arbelle, S., & Mozes, T. (2000). Theory of mind abilities of children with schizophrenia, children with autism, and normally developing children. Schizophrenia Research, 42, 145-55.Google Scholar
  101. Pine, D.S., Lissek, S., Klein, R.G., Mannuzza, S., Moulton, J.L., Guardino, M., & Woldehawariat, G. (2004). Face-memory and emotion: associations with major depression in children and adolescents. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 1199-1208.Google Scholar
  102. Redmond, S.M. (2004). Conversational profiles of children with adhd, sli and typical development. Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics, 18, 107-25.Google Scholar
  103. Redmond, S.M. (2005). Differentiating sli from adhd using children’s sentence recall and production of past tense morphology. Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics,19, 109-27.Google Scholar
  104. Renz, K., Lorch, E.P., Millich, R., Lemberger, C., Bodner, A., & Welsh, R. (2003). On-line story representation in boys with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 31, 93-104.Google Scholar
  105. Rice, M.L. (1991). Children with specific language impairment: toward a model of teachability. In N.A. Krasnegor, D.M. Rumbaugh, R.L. Schiefelbusch & M. Studdert-Kennedy (eds). Biological and behavioural determinants of language development. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Erlbaum Associates.Google Scholar
  106. Rice, M.L., & Bode, J.V. (1993). GAPs in the lexicon of children with specific language impairment. First Language,13, 113-32.Google Scholar
  107. Serra, M., Minderaa, R.B., Geert, P.L.C. van & Jackson, A.E. (1999). Social-cognitive abilities in children with lesser variants of autism: skill deficits or failure to apply skills? European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 8, 301-11.Google Scholar
  108. Serra, M., Loth, F.L., Geert, P.L.C. van, Hurkens, E., & Minderaa, R.B. (2002). Theory of mind in children with ‘lesser variants’ of autism: a longitudinal study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 43, 885-900.Google Scholar
  109. Shapiro, L.R., & Purdy, T.L. (2005). Suggestibility and source monitoring errors: Blame the interview style, interviewer consistency, and the child’s personality. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 19, 489-506.Google Scholar
  110. Spere, K.A., Schmidt, L.A., Theall-Honey, L.A., & Martin-Chang, S. (2004). Expressive and receptive language skills of temperamentally shy preschoolers. Infant and Child Devel-opment,13, 123-33.Google Scholar
  111. Sundheim, S.T.P.V., & Voeller, K.K.S. (2004). Psychiatric implications of language disorders and learning disabilities: risks and management. Journal of Child Neurology, 19, 814-26.Google Scholar
  112. Suveg, C., Zeman, J., Flannery-Schroeder, E., & Cassano, M. (2005). Emotion socialization in families of children with an Anxiety Disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology,33, 145-55.Google Scholar
  113. Tannock, R. (1998). Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: advances in cognitive neurobiological, and genetic research. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 39, 65-99.Google Scholar
  114. Tannock, R., Martinussen, R., & Frijters, F. (2000). Naming speed performance and stimulant effects indicate effortful, semantic processing deficits in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology,28, 237-52.Google Scholar
  115. Tatem, W.D., & Delcampo, R.L. (1995). Selective mutism in children: a structural therapy approach to treatment. Contemporary Family Therapy,17, 177-94.Google Scholar
  116. Tirosh, E., & Cohen, A. (1998). Language deficit with attention-deficit disorder: A prevalent comorbidity. Journal of Child Neurology,13, 493-7.Google Scholar
  117. Tompson, M.S., Asarnow, J.R., Hamilton, E.B., Newell, L.E., & Goldstein, M.J. (1997). Children with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders: thought disorder and communication problems in a family interactional context. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry,38, 421-9.Google Scholar
  118. Toppelberg, C.O., Tabors, P., Coggins, A., Lum, K., & Burger, C. (2005). Differential diagnosis of selective mutism in bilingual children. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 44, 592-5.Google Scholar
  119. Trevarthen, C., & Aitken, K.J. (2001). Infant intersubjectivity: Research, theory, and clinical applications. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 42, 3-48.Google Scholar
  120. Velgersdijk, W. (2001). Mijn remmetje doet het niet zo goed! Pragmatische vaardigheden van zeven-jarige kinderen metadhd.Doctoraalscriptie, Psycholinguïstiek en Taalpathologie, Universiteit van Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  121. Verheij, F. (2003). Selectief mutisme. In F.C. Verhulst, F. Verheij & R.F. Ferdinand (red.). Kinder- en Jeugdpsychiatrie. Psychopathologie. Assen: Koninklijke Van Gorcum, 132-138.Google Scholar
  122. Verhulst, F.C. (2003). Stoornissen van taal en spraak. In F.C. Verhulst, F. Verheij & R.F. Ferdinand (red.). Kinder- en Jeugdpsychiatrie. Psychopathologie. Assen: Koninklijke Van Gorcum, 119-131.Google Scholar
  123. Verhulst, F.C. (2006). Leerboek Kinder- en Jeugdpsychiatrie. Assen: Koninklijke Van Gorcum.Google Scholar
  124. Verhulst, F.C., Verheij, F., & Ferdinand, R.F. (2003). Kinder- en Jeugdpsychiatrie. Psychopathologie. Assen: Koninklijke Van Gorcum.Google Scholar
  125. Volkmar, F.R., & Klin, A. (2000). Diagnostic issues in Asperger Syndrome. In A. Klin, F.R. Volkmar & S.S. Sparrow (eds). Asperger Syndrome. New York, NY: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  126. Vygotsky, L.S. (1986). Thought and Language. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  127. Wellman, H.M. (1992). The child’s Theory of Mind. Massachusetts: The MIT Press.Google Scholar
  128. Westby, C.E. (1999). Assessment of pragmatic competence in children with psychiatric disorders. In D.L. Rogers-Adkinson & P.L. Griffith (eds). Communication disorders and children with psychiatric and behavioral disorders.San Diego, London: Singular Publishing Group, 177-259.Google Scholar
  129. Westby, C., & Watson, S. (2004). Perspectives on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: executive functions, working memory and language disabilities. Seminars in Speech and Language,25, 241-54.Google Scholar
  130. Zanolli, K., & Daggett, J. (1998). The effects of reinforcement rate on the spontaneous social initiations of social withdrawn preschoolers. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis,31, 117-25.Google Scholar
  131. Ziatas, K., Durkin, K., & Pratt, C. (2003). Differences in assertive speech acts produced by children with autism, Asperger syndrome, specific language impairment, and normal development. Developmental Psychopathology,15, 73-94.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Bohn Stafleu van Loghum 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • H.F.M. Peters
  • R. Bastiaanse
  • J. Van Borsel
  • K. Jansonius-Schultheiss
  • P.H.O. Dejonckere
  • Sj. Van der Meulen
  • B.J.E. Mondelaers

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations