Advertisement

Enkele begrippen en een inleiding tot het diagnostisch proces

  • A. Rijnberk
  • E. Teske

Abstract

Van standaardisatie van de terminologie die gebruikt wordt bij het lichamelijk onderzoek, is veelal geen sprake. Integendeel, de termen voor de beschrijving van waarnemingen variëren per leerboek. Op enkele in de kliniek belangrijke begrippen, waarover nogal eens verwarring ontstaat, wordt hieronder ingegaan.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatuur

  1. 1.
    Wulff HR. Rational diagnosis and treatment. An introduction to clinical decisionmaking; 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell, 1981.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Stevens SS. On the theory of scales of measurement. Science 1946; 103: 677.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Feinstein AR. An additional basic science for clinical medicine. iv. The development of clinimetrics. Ann Int Med 1983; 99: 843-8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pedersen HD, Haggstrom J, Falk T, et al. Auscultation in mild mitral regurgitation in dogs; observer variation, effects of physical maneuvers, and agreement with color Doppler echocardiography and phonocardiography. J Vet Intern Med 1999; 13: 56-64.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Galen RS, Gambino SR. Beyond normality: the predictive value and effi ciency of medical diagnosis. New York: Wiley, 1975.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bulpitt CJ. Confidence intervals. The Lancet 1987; i: 494.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Diem K, Lentner C. Wissenschaftliche Tabellen. Documenta Geigy 7. Stuttgart: Georg Thieme, 1975.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Diamond GA, Forrester JS. Analysis of probability as an aid in the clinical diagnosis of coronary-artery disease. New Eng J Med 1979; 300: 1350.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sackett DL, Haynes RB, Tugwell P. Clinical epidemiology. A basic science for clinical medicine. Boston/Toronto: Little, Brown, 1985.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Schwartz WB, Wolfe HJ, Pauker SG. Pathology and probabilities. A new approach to interpreting and reporting biopsies. New Eng J Med 1981; 305: 917.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Vandenbroucke JT. De regel van Bayes. Hart Bulletin 1980; 11: 77.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Eddy DM, Clanton CH. The art of diagnosis. Solving the clinico-pathological exercise. New Eng J Med 1982; 306: 1263.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Feinstein AR. An analysis of diagnostic reasoning. III. The construction of clinical algorithms. Yale J Biol Med 1974; 47: 5.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Elstein AS, Schulman LS, Sprafka SA. Medical problem solving. An analysis of clinical reasoning. Cambridge (Mass): Harvard University Press, 1978.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Groot AD de. Perception and memory versus thought. In: Kleinmuntz B, ed. Problem solving: research, method and theory. New York: Wiley, 1966.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Christakis NA, Lamont EB. Extent and determinants of error in doctor’s prognoses in terminally ill patients: prospective cohort study. Brit Med J 2000; 320: 469-73.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sackett DL, Straus SE, Richardson W, et al. Evidence-based medicine; 2nd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone, 2000.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Cockcroft PD, Holmes MA. Handbook of evidence-based veterinary medicine. Oxford: Blackwell, 2003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Bohn Stafleu van Loghum, Houten 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Rijnberk
  • E. Teske

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations