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3 De continuïteit tussen pre- en postnatale ontwikkeling

  • Bea R.H. Van den Bergh

Samenvatting

De ontwikkeling van een menselijk individu vangt aan bij de conceptie (bevruchting). Uit e´e´n cel – de zygote of bevruchte eicel – zal een complex organisme groeien. Deze ontogenese (de ontwikkelingsgeschiedenis van een levend wezen van eicel tot volwassen toestand) gebeurt onder invloed van genetische en niet-genetische factoren. ‘Niet-genetische’ factoren is een ruime term en verwijst naar alle niet-genetische invloeden, zowel de invloeden die zich in het lichaam afspelen (bijv. op niveau van cellen) als alle mogelijke externe omgevingsinvloeden (bijv. de hartslag van de moeder die de foetus in de baarmoeder hoort, interactie die een baby met zijn of haar vader heeft, tv-kijken, therapie volgen). Sommige auteurs gebruiken ook de term ‘ervaring’ om het geheel van deze niet-genetische factoren aan te duiden (Grossman e.a., 2003).

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Aanbevolen literatuur

  1. Andersen, S.L. (2003). Trajectories of brain development; point of vulnerability or window of opportunity? Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 27, 3-18.Google Scholar
  2. Bergh, B. van den (2004). De prenatale levensperiode en het eerste levensjaar. In F.J. Mönks & A.M.P. Knoers (Eds.), Ontwikkelingspsychologie. Inleiding tot de verschillende deelgebieden. Assen: Koninklijke Van Gorcum.Google Scholar
  3. Grossman, A., Churchill, J.D., McKinney, B.C., Kodish, I.M., Otte, S.L. & Greenough, W.T. (2003). Experience effects on brain development: possible contributions to psychopathology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 44, 33-63.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Bohn Stafleu van Loghum, onderdeel van Springer Uitgeverij 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bea R.H. Van den Bergh

There are no affiliations available

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