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Internetverslaving

  • Gert-Jan Meerkerk
  • Regina van den Eijnden
Traditioneel wordt verslaving gerelateerd aan het gebruik of misbruik van middelen als heroïne, cocaïne, alcohol en tabak. De laatste decennia is echter de idee in opkomst dat ook bepaalde gedragingen, waarbij geen middel ingenomen wordt, een verslavende werking kunnen hebben (Potenza, 2006; Griffiths, 1996; Holden, 2001). Voorbeelden hiervan zijn gokverslaving, seksverslaving en, meer recentelijk, internetverslaving. Griffiths en Davies spreken, daar waar sprake is van excessieve mens-machine-interacties, van technologische verslavingen die zowel passief (bijv. televisie) als actief (bijv. computerspelen) van aard kunnen zijn en, evenals andere vormen van verslaving, gekenmerkt worden door:
  • saillantie of preoccupatie (subjectief ervaren belangrijkheid);

  • mood modification (stemmingsbeïnvloeding);

  • tolerantie;

  • onthoudingsverschijnselen;

  • confl ict (interpersoonlijk: met bijv. naasten, intrapersoonlijk bijv. gevoelens van wroeging dan wel confl icterend met andere activiteiten zoals werk of studie);

  • terugval (Griffiths & Davies, 2005).

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Copyright information

© Bohn Stafleu van Loghum 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gert-Jan Meerkerk
  • Regina van den Eijnden

There are no affiliations available

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