Percutaneous placement of central venous catheters, causing a direct lesion of the lung parenchyma, is a remarkable cause of iatrogenic pneumothorax, the incidence of which is approximately 1 to 4%. Clinical presentation, diagnosis and treatment guidelines of iatrogenic pneumothorax complicating central venous access placement are presented.


Central venous catheters Percutaneous implantation Iatrogenic pneumothorax Tube thoracostomy 


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© Springer-Verlag Italia 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Abdomino Pelvic SurgeryEuropean Institute of OncologyMilanItaly

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