Epidemiology of Trauma
Data describing the distribution and determinants of injury are vital for the development of strategies to mitigate its effects. Such strategies include measures to prevent accidents, to control exposure to risk, to reduce the severity of injuries sustained and to improve medical care. They can be implemented by legislative or educational means to modify behaviours and the environment. Successful strategies would be expected to alter the incidence, pattern and outcome of injury. Thus, epidemiological studies of injury need to be repeated at regular intervals in order to assess the current situation. Although injury is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide , there are local differences attributable to the type of injury and the population studied. This chapter reviews some recent epidemiological studies of trauma.
KeywordsRoad Traffic Accident Seat Belt Trauma System Taxi Driver Preventable Death
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