I tumori del cuore

  • Luigi Lovato
  • Vincenzo Russo
  • Katia Buttazzi
  • Rossella Fattori

Riassunto

I tumori primitivi cardiaci sono rari, con una prevalenza, nella popolazione adulta, variabile tra 0,001% e 0,5% in diverse serie autoptiche [1, 2, 3] e, in quella infantile, tra 0,001% e 0,28% [4], tuttavia non rappresentano un quesito altrettanto raro per l’imaging cardiaco, dovendo differenziarli dai tumori cardiaci secondari, che sono dalle 20 alle 40 volte più comuni [1, 2, 3] e dalle lesioni non neoplastiche, quali i trombi, molto più frequenti. I tumori cardiaci primitivi, se non trattati, sono lesioni con un’elevata mortalità e morbidità [5] indipendentemente dalla natura benigna o maligna; inoltre, tra i tumori benigni, maligni ed i trombi la prognosi differisce notevolmente quanto il trattamento che, se operato in tempo, può essere curativo o evitare una complicanza letale. La diagnosi deve essere pertanto molto accurata. Negli ultimi decenni, la continua evoluzione tecnologica delle metodiche d’imaging cardiaco non invasivo ha reso più semplice la visualizzazione delle masse cardiache, aumentando notevolmente il numero di lesioni da caratterizzare e la necessità di scelte terapeutiche adeguate [2, 3, 5].

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luigi Lovato
    • 1
  • Vincenzo Russo
    • 1
  • Katia Buttazzi
    • 1
  • Rossella Fattori
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento Cardio-Toraco-Vascolare, U.S. di Radiologia CardiovascolarePoliclinico Universitario S. OrsolaBologna

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