Traumi del sistema nervoso periferico

  • Marco Sinisi

Riassunto

I nervi periferici sono costituiti da componenti neurali e non neurali, rispettivamente:
  • assone;

  • cellule di Schwann;

  • tessuto connettivo.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliografia

  1. 1.
    Lundborg G: Compression and stretching, in Nerve Injury and repair. New York, _Churchill Livingstone, 1988.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Shantaveerappa R, Bourne (1966). Perineural epithelium: A new concept of its role in the integrity of the peripheral nervous system. Science; 154:1464–1467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Grant GA, Goodkin R, Kliot M (1999) Evaluation and surgical management of peripheral nerve problems. Neurosurgery 44:825–840.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Mackinnon SE, Dellon AL. Surgery of the peripheral nerve. New York: Thieme; 1988.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lundborg G, Dahlin L. Pathophysiology of peripheral nerve trauma. In, Omer GE, Spinner M, Van Beek AL. Management of peripheral nerve problems. Saunders 2nd ed. 1998:353–363.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Seddon HJ (1943) Three types of nerve injury. Brain 66:237–288.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sunderland S (1951) A classification of peripheral nerve injuries producing loss of function. Brain 74:491–516.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Holmes W, Young JZ (1942) Nerve regeneration after immediate and delayed suture. J Anat 77:63–106.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kline DG, Hudson AR: acute injuries of peripheral nerves, in Youmans J (ed): Neurological surgery. Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders Co., 1990, ed 3, vol4, pp 2423–2510.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    McLellan DL, Swash M. (1976) Longitudinal sliding of the median nerve during movements of the upper limb. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 39:566–570.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Midha R. Epidemiology of brachial plexus injuries in a multitrauma population (1997) Neurosurgery 40; 1182–1189.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Spinner JR, Kline DG (2000) Surgery for peripheral nerve and brachial plexus injuries or other nerve lesions. Muscle and nerve 23:680–695.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kline DG, Hudson AR Nerve injuries: operative results for major nerve injuries, entrapments and tumors. Philadelphia Saunders 1995.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Buchthal F: Traumatic lesions of peripheral nerve: Morphological and electrophysiological aspects, in Caruso G, Hans-Peter L (eds): Electromyography in the Diagnosis and Management of Peripheral.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Iyer VG (1993) Understanding nerve conduction and electromyographic studies. Hand Clin 9:273–287.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Clippinger FW, Goldner JL, Roberts JM (1962) Use of electromyogrami in evaluating upper-extremity peripheral nerve lesions. J Bone Joint Surg [Am] 44A:1047–1060.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Howard FM (1972) Electromyography and conduction studies in peripheral nerve injuries. Surg Clin North Am 52:1343–1352.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hudson AR, Trammer BI (1985). Brachial plexus injuries, in Eilkins R, Rengachary S (eds): Neurosurgery. New York, McGraw Hill, vol 2, pp 1817–1832.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kline DG, Hackett ER (1986) Surgery for lesions of the brachial plexus. Arch Neurol 43:170–181.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kline DG, Hudson AR: Lower extremity nerve: Operative care and technique, in Nerve Injuries. Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders Co., 1995, pp117–146.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Carvalho GA, Nikkhah G, Matthis C, Penkert G, Samii M (1997) Diagnosis of root avulsions in traumatic brachial plexus injuries: Value of computerized tomography, myelography, and magnetic resonance imaging. J Neurosurg 86:69–76.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Dailey AT, Tsuruda JS, Goodkin R, Haynor DR, Filler AG, Hayes C, Kliot M (1996). Magnetic resonance neurography for cervical radiculopathy: a preliminary report. Neurosurgery 38:488–492.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Filler AG, Kliot M, Howe FA, Hayes CE, Winn HR, Griffiths JR, Tsuruda JS (1996). Application of magnetic resonance neurography in the evaluation of patients with peripheral nerve pathology. J Neurosurg 85:299–309.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Millesi H (1977) Surgical management of brachial plexus injuries. J Hand Surg 2:367–378.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Millesi H (1980) Interfascicular nerve repair and secondary repair with nerve grafts, in Jewett D, McCarroll H (ed): Nerve repair and regeneration. St Louis, C.V. Mosby, pp 299–319.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Millesi H (1991) Brachial plexus injury in adults: Operative repair, in Gelberman R (ed): Operative Nerve Repair and Reconstruction. Philadelphia, J.B. Lippincott, vol 2, pp 1285–1301.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Mackinnon SE, Dellon AL (1988) Nerve repair and nerve grafts, in Surgery of the peripheral nerve. New York, Thieme, pp 89–129.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Omer GE jr (1987). Tendon transfers in radial nerve paralysis. In Hunter JM, Schneider LH, Mackinnon LPT (eds): Tendon surgery in the hand. St Louis, C.V. Mosby, pp 423–426.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Leffert RD (1998). Reconstruction of the shoulder and elbow following brachial plexus injury. In, Omer GE, Spinner M, Van Beek AL. Management of peripheral nerve problems. Saunders 2nd ed., p 465–472.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Watkins MB, Jones JB (1954) Transplantation of the posterior tibial tendon. J Bone Joint Surg 36A:1181–1189.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Narakas AO, Hentz VR (1988) Neurotization in brachial plexus injuries. Indications and results. Clin Orthop; 237:43–56.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Birch R. (1996). Brachial plexus injuries. Journal of Bone and Joint surgery 78B:986–992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    S.J.M. Smith (1996). The role of neurophysiological investigation in traumatic brachial plexus lesions in adults and children. Journal of Hand Surgery, 21B: 2: 145–147.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Bisinella G, Birch R, Smith S (2003). Neurophysiological prediction of outcome in obstetric lesions of the brachial plexus. Journal of Hand Surgery, 28B: 2: 148–152.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Sinisi
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.PNI UnitRoyal National Orthopaedic HospitalLondon (UK)
  2. 2.Nerve SurgeryImperial College of LondonLondonUK

Personalised recommendations