Adjuvant and Palliative Treatments

  • Alfredo Guglielmi
  • Andrea Ruzzenente
  • Calogero Iacono
Part of the Updates in Surgery book series (UPDATESSURG)


The role of adjuvant and palliative chemo- and radiotherapy in the treatment of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is controversial. There are no prospective and randomised studies or large series that provide conclusive indications regarding the efficacy of these therapies in ICC. Moreover, the majority of oncologic papers in the literature that address this topic include intrahepatic and extrahepatic (hilar, middle and distal) cancers and even gallbladder carcinoma. Consequently, specific data for each localisation concerning treatment indication, dosage, type of approach and results are lacking.


Gallbladder Carcinoma Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma Peripheral Cholangiocarcinoma Implanted Port System Unresectable Cholangiocarcinoma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alfredo Guglielmi
    • 1
  • Andrea Ruzzenente
    • 1
  • Calogero Iacono
    • 1
  1. 1.General Surgery A, Department of Surgery and GastroenterologyUniversity Hospital G.B. RossiVeronaItaly

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