Simulation Framework for Modeling Magnetic Induction Based Wireless Underground Channel

  • P AjithEmail author
  • K. A. Unnikrishna Menon
  • Vrinda N. Menon
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 394)


Wireless underground communication is a challenging task when electromagnetic (EM) waves are used. The communication has to face many limitations like spreading loss, fading, and attenuation. The existing solution for this problem is magnetic induction (MI) based communication. The performance of this method depends on many factors like the distance between the transmitter and receiver, placement of relay coils, moisture content, permeability, seasonal changes, and the depth at which the system is deployed. There are no proper MI channel model which incorporates all these soil parameters and geometrical parameters for predicting the signal quality at the receiver. We propose a simulation model using MATLAB to predict the signal quality at the receiver by optimizing the placement of relay coils, taking into consideration the soil parameters, geometrical parameters of coils, and geological parameters.


Wireless underground communication Magnetic induction Geometric parameters Geological parameters MATLAB Simulation platform 



This project is fully funded by a grant from Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) and this work is fulfilled under the guidance and support from Amrita Centre for Wireless Networks and Applications. We would also like to express our gratitude for the immeasurable motivation and guidance provided by Sri. (Dr.) Mata Amritanandamayi Devi (AMMA), Chancellor of Amrita University.


  1. 1.
    Ashwini R, Dr. Mukesh DP. Magnetic induction-based wireless underground waveguide modelling and its parameters. IJECCT, May 2014.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Vuran MC, Angelo RS. Communication through soil in wireless underground sensor networks—theory and practice. In: Ferrari G, editor. Sensor networks, signals and communication technology. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag; 2010.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Johnson IA. Investigation of near field inductive communication system models, channels and experiments. Progs Electromagnet Res B. 2013;49:129–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Maneesha VR, Nirmala V. The deployment of deep-earth sensor probes for landslide detection. Springer-Verlag. Landslides. 2011;. doi: 10.1007/s10346-011-0300-x.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Akyildiz IF, Zhi S, Vuran MC. Signal propagation techniques for wireless underground communication networks. Phys Commun (Elsevier) 2009; 2.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Akyildiz IF, Zhi S. Magnetic induction communications for wireless underground sensor networks. IEEE Trans Antennas Propag 2010; 58, 7.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mittu M, Lenin J. Study on the parameters affecting magnetic induction waveguide for underground communication. IC—IASET 2014; 3, Special Issue 5.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Menon KA, Gungi A, Hariharan B. Efficient wireless power transfer using underground relay coils. In: IEEE 2014 international conference on computing, communication and networking technologies (ICCCNT), 2014.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Conceicao SDL. NS-3 simulation model for underground networks. Master thesis, Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto, 2014.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Yu X, Wu P, Zhang Z, Wang N, Han W. Electromagnetic wave propagation in soil for wireless underground sensor networks. Progs Electromag Res M 2013; 30:11–23.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gurley: Numerical methods lecture 5—curve fitting techniques. CGN 3421—Computer Methods, p 89–102.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gungi, A.: Inductively powered underground wireless communication system. Master thesis. Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kollam, India, 2014.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wireless high power transfer under regulatory constraints.

Copyright information

© Springer India 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • P Ajith
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. A. Unnikrishna Menon
    • 1
  • Vrinda N. Menon
    • 1
  1. 1.Amrita Centre for Wireless Networks and ApplicationsAmrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, AmritapuriKollamIndia

Personalised recommendations