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Chitin-Based Nanocomposites: Biomedical Applications

  • Carlos Filipe Cidre João
  • Jorge Carvalho Silva
  • João Paulo BorgesEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 74)

Abstract

Chitin, the second most abundant polymer in nature, is a renewable, nontoxic, biodegradable, and antibacterial polysaccharide. This semicrystalline biopolymer exhibits hierarchical structure from nano to micro-scale and is responsible for interesting living tissue properties. Recently, the scientific interest in chitin nanofibrils for applications in biomedical and tissue engineering fields has increased due to their particular capabilities such as matrix reinforcements, bioactivity and morphology similar to natural tissues. This chapter is focused on composite materials reinforced with chitin nanofibrils and their biomedical applications.

Keywords

Chitin Nanofibrils Nanowhisker Biomaterials Tissue engineering 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work is funded by FEDER funds through the COMPETE 2020 Programme and National Funds throught FCT—Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology under the project UID/CTM/50025/2013. C.F.C. João also acknowledges Portuguese Science Foundation––FCT for his PhD scholarship, ref: SFRH/BD/ 80860/2011.

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Copyright information

© Springer India 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carlos Filipe Cidre João
    • 1
  • Jorge Carvalho Silva
    • 1
  • João Paulo Borges
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.CENIMAT/I3N, Departamento de Ciência Dos Materiais, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia - FCTUniversidade Nova de LisboaCaparicaPortugal

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