Antifouling Activity of Prodigiosin from Estuarine Isolate of Serratia marcescens CMST 07

  • K. Ananda Priya
  • S. Satheesh
  • B. Ashokkumar
  • P. Varalakshmi
  • G. Selvakumar
  • N. SivakumarEmail author


Microbial biofilms on the surfaces of man–made structures in the marine environment cause serious problems for marine industries. Currently used heavy metal-based toxic antifoulants has created environmental problem, which mandates the necessity of “eco-friendly” antifoulants. Marine-based microbial secondary metabolites are promising potential sources of nontoxic antifouling compounds. In the present study, we have investigated the antifouling potentials of bacterial red pigment prodigiosin extracted from Serratia marcescens CMST 07. Prodigiosin was showed high antifouling activity against marine fouling bacteria like Alteromonas sp. and Gallionella sp. minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of the pigment was about 6.75 and 12.5 μg/ml respectively against Alteromonas sp. LD50 of prodigiosin against artemia (artemia toxicity study) was about 50 μg/ml. Prodigiosin significantly (P < 0.01) inhibits cyanobacterial adhesion on glass surface, which augments the possibility of using bacterial pigments as the source of antifouling compounds for controlling the fouling problem in the marine environments.


Antifouling Bactericidal Prodigiosin Serratia marcescens 


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Ananda Priya
    • 1
  • S. Satheesh
    • 1
  • B. Ashokkumar
    • 2
  • P. Varalakshmi
    • 2
  • G. Selvakumar
    • 3
  • N. Sivakumar
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Centre for Marine Science and TechnologyManonmaniam Sundaranar UniversityRajakkamangalam Kanyakumari DistrictIndia
  2. 2.School of BiotechnologyMadurai Kamaraj UniversityMaduraiIndia
  3. 3.Department of MicrobiologyAlagappa UniversityKaraikudiIndia

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