Molecular Mechanisms of Stress Resistance of Photosynthetic Machinery

  • Vladimir D. Kreslavski
  • Anna A. Zorina
  • Dmitry A. Los
  • Irina R. Fomina
  • Suleyman I. AllakhverdievEmail author


The mechanisms of action of stressors, such as high light intensity and heat stress, on the photosynthetic machinery, primarily on the photosystem II, are reviewed. First of all, stressors alter the chemical composition of thylakoid membranes and decrease the activity of photosynthesis. Photodamage is caused by the direct effect of light on oxygen-evolving complex, whereas accumulation of reactive oxygen species due to high light or high temperatures causes suppression of the de novo synthesis of the reaction center proteins and, ultimately, leads to the inhibition of the recovery of photosystem II. In addition to their destructive and inhibitory action, the reactive oxygen species and products of lipid peroxidation trigger protective processes that lead to acclimatization. Particular attention is paid to the mechanisms that protect photosynthetic machinery from injury and to the inhibitory effect of stressors in the light of varying intensity. The known stress sensory systems of cyanobacteria are also reviewed.


Reactive Oxygen Species Heat Stress Singlet Oxygen Thylakoid Membrane Photosynthetic Electron Transport 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was partially supported by grants from the Russian Foundation for Basic Research (Nos: 11-04-01389, 11-04-92690, 12-04-92101, 12-04-01035, and 12-04-00473), by a grant from the Molecular and Cell Biology Program of the Russian Academy of Sciences, by a grant from Russian Ministry of Education and Science (№ 16.740.11.0176), and by BMBF, Bilateral Cooperation between Germany and Russia (no. 8125).


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Copyright information

© Springer India 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir D. Kreslavski
    • 1
  • Anna A. Zorina
    • 2
  • Dmitry A. Los
    • 2
  • Irina R. Fomina
    • 1
    • 3
  • Suleyman I. Allakhverdiev
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Institute of Basic Biological ProblemsRussian Academy of SciencesPushchino, Moscow RegionRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Plant PhysiologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Biosphere Systems International FoundationTucsonRussia

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