Behavioral Reaction Times of Male Moths to Pheromone Filaments and Visual Stimuli: Determinants of Flight Track Shape and Direction
Over the years, there have been several explanations for the existence of zigzagging upwind flight in male moths responding to sex pheromone [e.g., 1–7]. Far from being a frivolous argument about the superficial shape of the flight tracks, the root of the discussion involves the very mechanisms that the moths use to maneuver and reach the source of pheromone in wind. The behavioral mechanisms need to be precisely understood if we are to make sense of the underlying neuronal responses at the sensory, central nervous system (CNS), and motor levels and create a robust neuroethological knowledge about this powerful and agriculturally important biological process called attraction.
Key wordsSex pheromone Moths Plume structure Anemotaxis Orientation Behavioral latency
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