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The Concept of Resources Oriented Agro-Sanitation System and Its Business Model

  • Ken Ushijima
  • Naoyuki Funamizu
  • Takako Nabeshima
  • Nowaki Hijikata
  • Ryusei Ito
  • Mariam Sou/Dakoure
  • Amadou Hama Maïga
  • Neni Sintawardani
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter proposes concept of the sanitation business model, based on the discussions; what is necessary to solve current world’s sanitation issue and what is the limitation of current sanitation concept. Proposed policy was on the basis of the Postmodern Sanitation concept; (1) discuss a sanitation value chain which create and add a value to human excreta and its products, and build a sanitation business model to drive this sanitation value chain, (2) design the sanitation business model focusing on incentive for individual toilet users, (3) analyze current user’s value chain to find available potential resources, (4) connect these potential sanitation resources to next value chain, (5) make a financial plan based on market analysis of sanitation product, (6) find and organize facilitating organization to support individual toilet users’ business. This concept was applied for the case of rural area in Burkina Faso, and reasonable agro-sanitation business model was designed based on material flow analysis and value flow analysis.

Keywords

Resource-oriented sanitation Value chain Sanitation business model Sahel Africa 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This concept was inspired through former research activities and discussions with Prof. Tadaharu ISHIKAWA, Prof. Mitsuteru IRIE, Mitsumasa YOKOTA, Shigeo OKAYA, Mayuko TOTSUKA, and Rui KOTANI. This study was supported by JST-JICA, JST-CREST, and JSPS.

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ken Ushijima
    • 1
  • Naoyuki Funamizu
    • 2
    • 3
  • Takako Nabeshima
    • 4
  • Nowaki Hijikata
    • 5
  • Ryusei Ito
    • 5
  • Mariam Sou/Dakoure
    • 6
  • Amadou Hama Maïga
    • 6
  • Neni Sintawardani
    • 7
  1. 1.Northern Regional Building Research Institute, Hokkaido Research Organization (HRO)Midorigaoka AsahikawaJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of Global Food Resources, Hokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  3. 3.Research Institute of Humanity and NatureKyotoJapan
  4. 4.Research Faculty of Media and Communication StudiesHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan
  5. 5.Graduate School of EngineeringHokkaido UniversitySapporo CityJapan
  6. 6.International Institute for Water and Environmental Engineering (2iE)OuagadougouBurkina Faso
  7. 7.Research Unit for Clean TechnologyIndonesian Institute of SciencesBandungIndonesia

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