Toward Sustainable Fisheries in the Eternal Ocean

  • Takashi YamakawaEmail author
  • Ichiro Aoki
  • Akinori Takasuka
Part of the Fisheries Science Series book series (FISHSS)


The contributions of all the chapters in this book are integrated to give a perspective on the requirements for realizing the sustainable fisheries of dynamic resources. A comprehensive overview of the whole process of data gathering, analyzing, and decision-making for fisheries assessment and management is presented in a sequential adaptive way as a plan-do-check-act (PDCA) cycle and illustrated in a schematic diagram. The process is a loop of sequential information updates and adaptive decision-making in the actual world parallel with the corresponding virtual world. Some points along the panoramic diagram are discussed with reference to discussions in previous chapters. Issues discussed are (1) diversity of management objectives and performance measures: multidisciplinary approach; (2) development of harvest control rules (HCRs); (3) revealing dynamics of stocks, communities, and ecosystems: mechanistic approach; (4) value of monitoring for adaptive management: empirical approach; (5) assessment models vs. operating models: to what extent should they be complex?; and (6) social institution and organization for fisheries management. The ocean is eternal in its existence; however, its components are never static but dynamic. Since fish communities dynamically change with climate-induced ocean regime shifts, we humans have no choice but to adapt to the nature of ecosystems. The benefits of the ocean will be eternal for us only if we successfully achieve such an adaptation.


Adaptive management Ecosystem approach Eternal ocean Fisheries management Monitoring PDCA cycle Population dynamics Regime shift Stock assessment Sustainability 


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK and the Japanese Society of Fisheries Science 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takashi Yamakawa
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ichiro Aoki
    • 2
  • Akinori Takasuka
    • 3
  1. 1.Graduate School of Agricultural and Life SciencesThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.The University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Japan Fisheries Research and Education AgencyNational Research Institute of Fisheries ScienceYokohamaJapan

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