Human Evolution and Human Genome at a Glance

Chapter
Part of the Evolutionary Studies book series (EVOLUS)

Abstract

The long-term human evolution is first explained. Starting from the origin of life, emergence of mammals and evolution of primates and hominoids are outlined, followed by classification of family Hominidae. We then move to the human genome. Its structure in terms of chromosomes and dichotomy of coding and noncoding regions are discussed, followed with general description on various types of mutations such as nucleotide substitutions, insertions and deletions, repeat number changes, and gene duplications.

Keywords

Primate evolution Hominoid classification Genome sequencing Structure of human genome Mutation Number of protein-coding genes 

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Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Population GeneticsNational Institute of GeneticsMishimaJapan

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