Outline of the Great East Japan Earthquake
An earthquake occurred at 2:46 P.M. on March 11, 2011, off the Pacific coast of Tohoku. It measured 9.0 Mw on the moment magnitude scale and was the largest recorded earthquake in known Japanese history. Extremely tall tsunami waves were observed along with this earthquake. Ogatsu-cho in Ishinomaki City had the highest level of tsunami flooding at 34.94 m and Omoe in Miyako City had the highest tsunami run-up at 38.38 m. This earthquake brought about enormous damages including 19,418 casualties, 2592 missing persons, and 121,809 completely destroyed buildings. It was decided to call this disaster arising from the earthquake the “Great East Japan Earthquake” at the Cabinet Meeting on April 1, 2011.
KeywordsGreat East Japan Earthquake Tsunami State of damage
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