Outline of the Great East Japan Earthquake

Chapter
Part of the Ecological Research Monographs book series (ECOLOGICAL)

Abstract

An earthquake occurred at 2:46 P.M. on March 11, 2011, off the Pacific coast of Tohoku. It measured 9.0 Mw on the moment magnitude scale and was the largest recorded earthquake in known Japanese history. Extremely tall tsunami waves were observed along with this earthquake. Ogatsu-cho in Ishinomaki City had the highest level of tsunami flooding at 34.94 m and Omoe in Miyako City had the highest tsunami run-up at 38.38 m. This earthquake brought about enormous damages including 19,418 casualties, 2592 missing persons, and 121,809 completely destroyed buildings. It was decided to call this disaster arising from the earthquake the “Great East Japan Earthquake” at the Cabinet Meeting on April 1, 2011.

Keywords

Great East Japan Earthquake Tsunami State of damage 

References

  1. Haraguchi T, Iwamatsu A (2011a) Detailed maps of the impacts of the 2011 Japan Tsunami Vol. 1: Aomori, Iwate and Miyagi prefectures. Koko-Shoin Publishers, Tokyo, in Japanese with English abstractGoogle Scholar
  2. Haraguchi T, Iwamatsu A (2011b) Detailed maps of the impacts of the 2011 Japan Tsunami Vol. 2: Fukushima, Ibaraki and Chiba prefectures. Koko-Shoin Publishers, Tokyo, in Japanese with English abstractGoogle Scholar
  3. Japan Meteorological Agency (2012a) Monthly report on earthquakes and volcanoes in Japan December 2012: 177–187 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Policy StudiesIwate Prefectural UniversityTakizawaJapan

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