Introduction of ERCP
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is an endoscopic technique in which a side-viewing upper endoscope is guided into the duodenum, allowing for instruments to be passed into the bile and pancreatic ducts. Their new technique involves achieving opacification by the injection of contrast medium. It was developed by McCune et al., and two Japanese teams (Ohi et al. and Takagi et al.) followed separately. It is now a major technique employed worldwide. Recent advances have been made in the diagnosis and treatment of biliary duct and pancreas diseases. Their techniques are permitting radiologic visualization and allowing for a variety of therapeutic interventions.