Why Do Japanese Parents and Their Young Adult Children Live Together?

  • Kei Sakata
  • Colin R. McKenzie
Part of the Creative Economy book series (CRE)


This chapter examines how co-residence with adult children affects the levels of parental satisfaction in Japan. Our empirical evidence suggests that parents are more likely to be dissatisfied with their life and marriage when they live with an adult child. The gender analysis reveals that mothers (fathers) are more likely to be dissatisfied with the co-residence with an adult son (daughter), but fathers (mothers) are likely to be indifferent. Importantly, parents who co-reside with an unmarried adult child are more likely to be financially distressed.


Life Satisfaction Propensity Score Adult Child Propensity Score Match Marital Satisfaction 
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Both authors wish to thank Toshiaki Tachibanaki and Aki Tsuchiya for their constructive comments on an earlier version of this chapter, and participants of the International Conference—Comparative Study on Happiness for their helpful comments and suggestions. They also acknowledge the kind permission of the National Family Committee of the Japanese Society of Family Sociology and the Social Science and the Social Science Japan Data Archive, Information Center for Social Science Research on Japan, Institute of Social Science, University of Tokyo in making available the data in the “National Family Research of Japan (NFRJ)” (Kazoku ni tsuite no Zenkoku Chousa) for use in the analysis in this chapter. The first author would like to gratefully acknowledge the financial assistance provided by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Grant in Aid for Scientific Research (B) No. 24330093 for a project on “Retirement Behavior of the Aged and their Cognitive Ability and Health” and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) Grant in Aid for Scientific Research (B) No. 23330094 for a project “Life Events and Economic Behaviour: A Perspective of Family Inter-dependence” (Project Leader: Midori Wakabayashi). The second author wishes to acknowledge the financial support of a Japan Society for the Promotion of Society’s Topic-Setting Program to Advance Cutting-Edge Humanities and Social Sciences Research grant for a project entitled “Multi-Dimensional Dynamic Analysis of Gender Equality and the Role of the Family in Internationally Comparable Data” (Project Leader: Yoshio Higuchi).


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Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of EconomicsRitsumeikan UniversityMinami-KusatsuJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of EconomicsKeio UniversityTokyoJapan

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