Advertisement

Baseball Hitting Accuracy and Contributing Factors

  • Takatoshi HiguchiEmail author
  • Tomoyuki Nagami
  • Kazuyuki Kanosue

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to discern the relationship between spatial accuracy, timing accuracy, and bat control and hitting accuracy for elite collegiate baseball batters. Nine college baseball batters performed three tasks. The first task was hitting a fastball thrown by a pitching machine (HPT). The second task was observing a pitching machine’s fastball and indicating the location (OPT). The third task was hitting a ball on a baseball tee (TBT). The subjects’ performance in hitting accuracy was defined by their success rate in the HPT. The distribution of the point of ball-bat impact in the TBT represented the subjects’ ability in the bat control. The fluctuations in the location in pitcher-to-catcher direction between the HPT and the TBT represented the subjects’ temporal accuracy. The subjects’ spatial accuracy was defined by their performance in the OPT. Although they were able to control their bat swings to hit a ball within the effective impact area most of the time in the Tee Ball Task, timing and spatial components of their performance indicated larger errors and lower precision. Our results suggest that the perceptual skills involved in baseball hitting are the main reason why batters fail to hit a ball accurately.

Keywords

Batting Interceptive action Hand-eye coordination Ball-bat contact 

Supplementary material

320099_1_En_27_MOESM1_ESM.wmv (3.2 mb)
ESM1_Observing Taskmovie

References

  1. Adair RK (2002) The physics of baseball, 3rd edn. HarperCollins Publishers, New York, pp 121–130Google Scholar
  2. Bahill AT, Baldwin DG (2007) Describing baseball pitch movement with right-hand rules. Comput Biol Med 37:1001–1008PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bahill AT, Baldwin DG (2008) Mechanics of baseball pitching and batting. In: Ghista D (ed) Applied biomedical engineering mechanics. CRC Press/Taylor & Francis Asia Pacific, Boca Raton, pp 445–488, Chapter 16Google Scholar
  4. Bootsma RJ, van Wieringen PCW (1990) Timing an attacking forehand drive in table tennis. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 16(1):21–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Fajen BR (2007) Affordance-based control of visually guided action. Ecol Psychol 19(4):383–410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Gibson JJ (1986) The ecological approach to visual perception. Houghton-Mifflin, BostonGoogle Scholar
  7. Higuchi T, Morohoshi J, Nagami T, Nakata H, Kanosue K (2013a) The effect of fastball baskspin rate on baseball hitting accuracy. J Appl Biomech 29:279–284PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Higuchi T, Nagami T, Morohoshi J, Nakata H, Kanosue K (2013b) Disturbance in hitting accuracy by professional and collegiate baseball players due to intentional change of target position. Percept Mot Skills 116(2):627–639PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Nagami T, Morohoshi J, Higuchi T, Nakata H, Naito S, Kanosue K (2011) The spin on fastballs thrown by elite baseball pitchers. Med Sci Sports Exerc 43(12):2321–2327PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Nathan AM (2000) Dynamics of the baseball-bat collision. Am J Phys 68(11):979–990CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Regan D (1997) Visual factors in hitting and catching. J Sports Sci 15:533–558PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takatoshi Higuchi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tomoyuki Nagami
    • 1
  • Kazuyuki Kanosue
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Sport SciencesWaseda UniversitySaitamaJapan

Personalised recommendations