Balancing Standardization and Integration in ICT Systems: An Architectural Perspective

  • Young Won ParkEmail author
  • Takahiro Fujimoto
Part of the Evolutionary Economics and Social Complexity Science book series (EESCS, volume 12)


In this chapter, we first review the history of Japanese IT system implementation and define various IT requirements that serve both advanced market standards and emerging market needs. Then, we introduce some examples of Korean firms using a global standard IT system (GSIS). The essence of this effective ambidextrous strategy is to maximize strengths and complement weaknesses, which requires the synergistic combination of an integral architecture IT system (i.e., integrated manufacturing IT system (IMIS)) and an open modular architecture IT system (global standard IT system (GSIS)). We therefore present the IT system evolution of Japanese firms from a product architecture perspective. By adopting a dialectic approach, we provide a framework that identifies the dynamic relationships among integrated manufacturing IT system (IMIS), global standard IT system (GSIS), and global integrated manufacturing IT system (GIMIS). Thus, a global integrated manufacturing IT system (GIMIS) is the synergistic combination of IMIS and GSIS. We then investigate further through case studies of Japanese global firms and illustrate how to implement the said global integrated manufacturing IT system (GIMIS).


  1. Chang SJ (2008) Sony vs. Samsung. John Wiley & Sons, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  2. Clark K, Fujimoto T (1991) Product development performance: strategy, organization and management in the world auto industry. Harvard Business Review Press, BostonGoogle Scholar
  3. Cole RE, Nakata Y (2014) The Japanese software industry: what went wrong and what can we learn from IT? Calif Manag Rev 57(1):16–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cusumano MA (2004) The business of software: what every manager, programmer, and entrepreneur must know in good times and bad. Free Press/Simon & Schuster, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Fujimoto T (2001) Industry argument on architecture. In: Fujimoto T et al (eds) Business architecture. Yuhikaku, Tokyo, pp 3–26Google Scholar
  6. Fujimoto T (2003) Competing to be really good. International House of Japan, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  7. Fujimoto T, Park YW (2015) Case study: Monozukuri utilizing IT. Nikkei BP, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  8. Hong P, Park YW (2014) Building network capabilities in turbulent competitive environments: business success stories from the BRICs. CRC Press, Boca RatonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. JISA (2015) Japan’s information service industry in 2014. Japan Information Technology Services Industry Association, TokyoGoogle Scholar
  10. Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (2013) White Paper 2013 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  11. Oku M et al (2010) Integrated manufacturing information system case series (1): an example of management (FOA Concept) by IMIS principles. MMRC Discussion Paper 306:1–18 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  12. Park YW (2009) Core competence and IT strategy. Waseda, Tokyo (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  13. Park YW (2016) Adding to the way of reformation. In: YDC (eds) Why don’t Japanese industries succeed in a solution business? Nikkan Kogyo Shimbun, pp 180–196 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  14. Park YW (2017) Business architecture strategy and platform-based ecosystems. Springer, SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  15. Park YW et al (2011) Core competence and architecture strategy: framework for product strategy analysis. MMRC Discussion Paper 376:1–42 (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  16. Park YW et al (2012) Implementation of product strategy with differentiated standards. Int J Technol Manag 57(1/2/3):166–184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Tomita N et al (1999) Flow oriented approach for human-centered agile manufacturing systems. ISADS99 (Fourth international symposium on autonomous decentralized systems) IEEE Computer Society Press, pp 1–9Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Humanities and Social SciencesSaitama UniversitySaitamaJapan
  2. 2.Graduate School of EconomicsThe University of TokyoBunkyo-KuJapan

Personalised recommendations