Empowering Communities Through Disaster Management Strategies: Are We on the Right Track?
The Indian Ocean Tsunami spurred the growth of disaster management activities in India. Obviously, all of these efforts were intended to reduce the risk of future disasters, through empowering communities and increasing their resilience to disasters. An array of questions that hails in, at this point of time are: did these efforts achieve their ultimate goal; have communities been empowered? If so, to what extent? By further examining certain communities, gaps can be found which needs yet to be filled. A study on the coastal communities of Cuddalore District, Tamil Nadu, reflects the gaps and pitfalls that further underline the lack of sustainability in the implemented disaster risk reduction programs. The results clearly underpins that the communities striving even for their basic necessities gives least priority to disaster risk awareness and preparedness comparing to physical resilience as well as economic resilience. Thus implementation of disaster risk reduction programs in such communities will be ineffective. This chapter will focus on such gaps, as well as the challenges in molding a disaster-resilient community.
KeywordsCoastal communities Community empowerment Disaster resilience
- ADRC (2009) Multi-national mission to the tsunami affected areas in India. Final ReportGoogle Scholar
- Safer Cities 21 (2008) Community empowerment and disaster risk reduction in Chittagong city. Asia Disaster Preparedness Center, Bankok, ThailandGoogle Scholar
- Community Disaster Recovery Guide (2006) A guide for BC local Authorities and First nation. Provincial Emergency Program, Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General, British Columbia, CanadaGoogle Scholar
- Ferdinand I, O’Brien G, O’Keefe P, Jayawickrama J (2012) The double bind of poverty and community disaster risk reduction: a case study from the Caribbean. Int J Disast Risk Reduction 2:89–94Google Scholar
- Gupta A (2000) Vulnerability and disaster management in India. Prehosp Disaster Med 15(3):s98Google Scholar
- IFRC (2005) Disaster management Bill, 2005. http://www.ifrc.org/Docs/idrl/512EN.pdf#search='Bill+2005+disaster+management'. Accessed 26 November 2013
- Jackson T, Mitchell S, Wright M (1989) The community development Continuum. Community Health Stud 8:66–73Google Scholar
- Ministry of Home Affairs (2005) Annual Report 2004–2005. Government of India, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
- Nakagawa Y, Shaw R (2004) Social capital: a missing link to disaster recovery. Int J Mass Emerg Disasters 22(1):5–34Google Scholar
- Rahman HA (2012) Community and tsunami disaster. International conference on environment science and engineering, p 32Google Scholar
- Sharma RK, Khanna M (2013) Disaster Management: An Overview. Asian J of Adv Basic Sci 2(1):46–52Google Scholar
- Shaw R, Krishnamurthy RR (2009) Disaster management global challenges and local solutions. Universities Press, IndiaGoogle Scholar
- UNISDR (2009) Disaster risk reduction in the United Nations: roles, mandates and areas of work of key area of United Nations entities. Geneva, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar