Earthquake-Resistant Design and Reinforcement
For the methods of earthquake resistant design of structures, firstly the seismic coefficient method and the modified seismic coefficient method in which the response spectra are used, are explained, and the development of the design methods against soil liquefaction as well as long period components of earthquake ground motion are introduced.
The new concept for earthquake resistant design against two levels of ground motion, and the revisions of the design codes and standards after the 1995 Kobe earthquake are described. Furthermore, theory on S-wave propagation and the characteristics on the response of the surface ground, amplification of ground motion and dominant period are explained. The mass-spring model is explained to solve the dynamic response of surface ground.
In addition, the design procedure of nuclear power plant and tsunami-resistant measures after the 2011 Tohoku earthquake are introduced. Furthermore, technologies of reinforcement of existing structures are introduced.
KeywordsEarthquake-resistant design Mass-spring model Nuclear power plant Response spectrum Seismic wave propagation Tsunami
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