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High-Frequency Thermocoagulation in the Knee

  • Hideki ToyokawaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

High-frequency thermocoagulation is an effective treatment approach when traditional conservative treatment is ineffective and surgery is not indicated.

Keywords

High-frequency thermocoagulation Saphenous nerve 

References

  1. 1.
    Hashidume K, et al. Effectiveness and limitations of pain clinic for osteoarthritis of the knee. Pain Clinic. 2003;24:673–80. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hahidume K. Nerve block under X-ray, ultrasound and CT guided. Tokyo: Igakusyoin; 2009. p. 176–8. (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ikeuchi M, et al. Percutaneous radiofrequency treatment for refractory anteromedial pain of osteoarthritic knees. Pain Med. 2011;10:546–51. (in Japanese)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Pain ClinicNTT Medical Center TokyoTokyoJapan

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