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Spinal Cord Stimulation

  • Takahisa Nishiyama
Chapter

Abstract

Spinal cord stimulation is a neuromodulation technique used to alleviate refractory chronic pain. This technique is based on electrical stimulation of the dorsal column of the spinal cord with electrodes placed in the epidural space.

Keywords

Spinal cord stimulation Electrical stimulation 

References

  1. 1.
    Frey ME, Manchikanti L, Benyamin RM, et al. Spinal cord stimulation for patients with failed back surgery syndrome: a systematic review. Pain Physician. 2009;12:379–97.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ubbink DT. et al: Spinal cord stimulation for critical leg ischemia: a review of effectiveness and optimal patient selection. J Pain Symptom Manag. 2006;31(Suppl):S30–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Börjesson M, Andréll P, Mannheimer C. Spinal cord stimulation for long–term treatment of severe angina pectoris: what does the evidence say? Futur Cardiol. 2011;7:825–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Japan KK, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takahisa Nishiyama
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnesthesiologyTokyo Medical University Hachioji Medical CenterTokyoJapan

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