Environmental Leadership Education for Tackling Water Environmental Issues in Arid Regions

  • Tomohiro Akiyama
  • Jia Li


This chapter introduces one of the APIEL field exercises, the Oasis Unit, which is conducted in northwestern China. To equip the students with a wide knowledge base and practical skills, this unit is strongly field-oriented and applies in its course design the Integral Approach proposed by Ken Wilber. The approach provides a trans-/cross-disciplinary framework for identifying environmental problems of complexity, as well as bringing together methodologies from different fields and leadership qualities. After four years of implementation, the approach is considered successful in educational program design for environmental leadership and for promoting the leadership development of participants.


Environmental leadership education Field exercise Integral Approach The Heihe River basin 



A number of people have been part of the discussions for developing the field exercise unit conducted in the Heihe River basin. Especially highly acknowledged are the initiatives by Prof. Xin Li and Prof. Mingguo Ma (Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences), Prof. Guangwei Huang (Sophia University), Prof. Takashi Mino, Prof. Eiji Yamaji, and Prof. Tomochika Tokunaga (The University of Tokyo) for the start-up of the field exercise unit. However, the authors take sole responsibility for any errors and the interpretation provided in this chapter.


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Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate Program in Sustainability Science, Graduate School of Frontier SciencesThe University of TokyoKashiwaJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of International Studies and Regional DevelopmentUniversity of Niigata PrefectureNiigataJapan

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