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Ökologische Grundlagen und limitierende Faktoren der Renaturierung

  • N. Hölzel
  • F. Rebele
  • G. Rosenthal
  • C. Eichberg

Zusammenfassung

In den dicht besiedelten und agrarisch besonders intensiv genutzten Regionen Mittel- und Westeuropas ist seit Ende des Zweiten Weltkrieges ein fortschreitender Verlust an naturnahen ökosystemen mit hoher biologischer Vielfalt zu verzeichnen. Spätestens seit den 1970er-Jahren ist daher die Neuschaffung und Wiederherstellung gefährdeter Lebensräume und Biozönosen zunehmend in den Mittelpunkt von Naturschutzmaßnahmen gerückt (Bakker 1989, Muller et al. 1998, Bakker und Berendse 1999). Aufgrund fehlender wissenschaftlicher Grundlagen und praktischer Erfahrungen wurden Renaturierungsmaßnahmen anfangs fast durchweg nach dem trial and error-Prinzip durchgeführt. Im Vordergrund standen dabei zunächst die Wiederherstellung adäquater abiotischer Standortbedingungen sowie die Reorganisation traditioneller Nutzungsmanagements. Bei Ersterem ging es neben der Wiedervernässung entwässerter Feuchtgebiete (Pfadenhauer und Grootjans 1999) vor allem darum, Eutrophierungseffekte zu beseitigen und die Produktivität des Standortes auf das Niveau der Zielgemeinschaft zurückzuführen (Gough und Marrs 1990, Oomes et al. 1996, Snow et al. 1997, Tallowin et al. 1998).

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Copyright information

© Spektrum Akademischer Verlag Heidelberg 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Hölzel
  • F. Rebele
  • G. Rosenthal
    • 1
  • C. Eichberg
    • 2
  1. 1.Universität Kassel Fachgebiet Vegetations- und LandschaftsökologieKassel
  2. 2.Institut für Botanik AG Geobotanik/VegetationsökologieTechnische Universität DarmstadtDarmstadt

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