Internal Labour Mobility in Central Europe and the Baltic Region: Evidence from Labour Force Surveys

  • Pierella PaciEmail author
  • Erwin R. Tiongson
  • Mateusz Walewski
  • Jacek Liwiński
Part of the AIEL Series in Labour Economics book series (AIEL)


There are large regional disparities in labour market indicators in countries in Central Europe and the Baltic region. Such disparities appear to be persistent over time indicating, in part, a lack of flexibility in the prevailing adjustment mechanisms. Internal labour mobility is often seen as a potentially important instrument to reducing adjustment costs when other mechanisms fail. Drawing from 2004 LFS data and utilizing a common empirical framework and estimation strategy, this paper identifies patterns and statistical profiles of geographical mobility. It finds internal migration to be generally low and highly concentrated amongst better-educated, young and single workers. This suggests that migration is more likely to reinforce existing inequalities rather than act as an equalizing phenomenon. By way of contrast, commuting flows have grown over time and are more responsive to regional economic differentials. The findings suggest the need for appropriate and country-tailored policy measures designed to increase the responsiveness of labour flows to market conditions.


Regional unemployment Adjustment Migration Commuting 



This paper is a revised and abbreviated version of a regional report, Paci, P. and others, 2007, Internal Labor Mobility in Central Europe and the Baltic Region, Working Paper No. 105 (Washington: The World Bank). Supplementary analysis of data from the Czech Republic Labour Force Survey (LFS) was prepared by Daniel Munich, Martin Guzi and Franta Michal. This paper benefited, at various stages of the study, from valuable advice and comments provided by Daniela Gressani, Asad Alam, William Maloney, Zafiris Tzannatos, Arvo Kuddo, Stefano Scarpetta, Suman Mehra, Thomas Laursen, Anton Marcincin, Leszek Kasek, Paulina Bucon, Egbert Holthuis, Christoph Maier, Peter Huber, Antonio Spilimbergo and Iulia Traistaru-Siedschlag, as well as two anonymous referees.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierella Paci
    • 1
  • Erwin R. Tiongson
  • Mateusz Walewski
  • Jacek Liwiński
  1. 1.The World BankWashingtonUSA

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