Internal Labour Mobility in Central Europe and the Baltic Region: Evidence from Labour Force Surveys

  • Pierella Paci
  • Erwin R. Tiongson
  • Mateusz Walewski
  • Jacek Liwiński
Chapter
Part of the AIEL Series in Labour Economics book series (AIEL)

Abstract

There are large regional disparities in labour market indicators in countries in Central Europe and the Baltic region. Such disparities appear to be persistent over time indicating, in part, a lack of flexibility in the prevailing adjustment mechanisms. Internal labour mobility is often seen as a potentially important instrument to reducing adjustment costs when other mechanisms fail. Drawing from 2004 LFS data and utilizing a common empirical framework and estimation strategy, this paper identifies patterns and statistical profiles of geographical mobility. It finds internal migration to be generally low and highly concentrated amongst better-educated, young and single workers. This suggests that migration is more likely to reinforce existing inequalities rather than act as an equalizing phenomenon. By way of contrast, commuting flows have grown over time and are more responsive to regional economic differentials. The findings suggest the need for appropriate and country-tailored policy measures designed to increase the responsiveness of labour flows to market conditions.

Keywords

Regional unemployment Adjustment Migration Commuting 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierella Paci
    • 1
  • Erwin R. Tiongson
  • Mateusz Walewski
  • Jacek Liwiński
  1. 1.The World BankWashingtonUSA

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