Self-Organization and Optimization of Pedestrian and Vehicle Traffic in Urban Environments

  • Dirk Helbing
  • Anders Johansson
  • Stefan Lämmer


Self-organization is not only a feature of urban evolution, but also found within urban environments. Here, we will focus on three aspects: (i) spatiotemporal patterns in pedestrian flows and their implications for optimized pedestrian facilities, (ii) trail formation of pedestrians and their consequences for improved way systems, and (iii) a self-organization approach to an adaptive control of traffic lights. This chapter will discuss the problems, modelling concepts, results, and solutions, while the mathematical formulation and analysis of the models is presented elsewhere.


Traffic Light Vehicle Traffic Pedestrian Flow Passing Direction Trail System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Physica-Verlag Heidelberg and Accademia di Architettura, Mendrisio, Switzerland 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dirk Helbing
    • 1
  • Anders Johansson
    • 1
  • Stefan Lämmer
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Transport and EconomicsDresden University of TechnologyGermany

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