Abstract

Immunological specificity is a distinguishing characteristic of the combination of antigens and antibodies. Antigens are substances foreign to a living animal which, when injected into the animal, or, if microorganisms or viruses, having passed the normal barriers of defense, stimulate the production of new substances called antibodies. These combine with and assist in the elimination of the foreign substances, the antigens. In general, antibodies combine only with the substances which initiated their production, or with chemically closely related substances, and this behavior is termed specific. Antibodies which circulate in the blood are serum globulins, newly modified in their synthesis as a result of the presence of the antigen in the body. Many antigens are proteins, but other classes of substances, such as carbohydrates or polysaccharides, may also function as antigens, at least in mice, cattle, and men, to stimulate the production of antibodies.

Keywords

House Dust Glucuronic Acid Amino Sugar Galacturonic Acid Capsular Polysaccharide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag in Vienna 1960

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Heidelberger
    • 1
  1. 1.New YorkUSA

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