Advertisement

A Model of Human Crowd Behavior : Group Inter-Relationship and Collision Detection Analysis

  • S. R. Musse
  • D. Thalmann
Part of the Eurographics book series (EUROGRAPH)

Abstract

This paper presents a model of crowd behavior to simulate the motion of a generic population in a specific environment. The individual parameters are created by a distributed random behavioral model which is determined by few parameters. This paper explores an approach based on the relationship between the autonomous virtual humans of a crowd and the emergent behavior originated from it. We have used some concepts from sociology to represent some specific behaviors and represent the visual output. We applied our model in two applications: a graphic called sociogram that visualizes our population during the simulation, and a simple visit to a museum. In addition, we discuss some aspects about human crowd collision.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    C. Reynolds. “Flocks, Herds, and Schools: A Distributed Behavioral Model”. Proc. SIGGRAPH’87, Computer Graphics, v.21, n.4. July, 1987.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    W. Reeves. “Particle Systems - A Technique for Modeling a Class of Fuzzy Objects”. Proc. SIGGRAPH’83, Computer Graphics, v.2, n.2. July, 1983.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    X. Tu and D. Terzopoulos. “Artificial Fishes: Physics, Locomotion, Perception, Behavior”. Proc. SIGGRAPH’94, Computer Graphics, July, 1994.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J.H. Yin, S. Velastin and A.C. Davies. “Measurement of Crowd Density using Image Processing”. VII European Signal Processing Conference, EUSIPCO-94, Edinburgh, UK, Sept. 1994,.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    T. Calvert and et. al. “Towards the Autonomous of Multiple Human Figures”. IEEE Computer Graphics & Applications, v. pp. 69–75, 1994.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    E. Bouvier and Pascal Guilloteau., “Crowd simulation in immersive space management”. 3Rd EUROGRAPHICS Workshop on Virtual Environments, Monte Carlo (1996).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    E. Bouvier, E. Cohen and L. Najman. “From crowd simulation to airbag depolyment: particle systems, a new paradigm of simulation”. Journal of Electronic Imaging 6 (1), 94–107 (January 1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    R. Boulic, T. Capin, Z. Huang, P. Kalra, B. Lintermann, N. Magnenat-Thalmann, L. Moccozet, T. Molet, I. Pandzic, K. Saar, A. Schmitt, J. Shen and D. Thalmann. “The HUMANOID Environment for interactive Animation of Multiple Deformable Human Characters”. Proceedings of EUROGRAPHICS’95, p.337–348 (Maastricht, The Netherlands, August 28 september, 1995 ).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    P. Bécheiraz and D. Thalmann. “A Model of Nonverbal Communication and Interpersonal Relationship between Virtual Actors”. Proc. of the Computer Animation’96, Geneva, Switzerland, pp. 58–67. May, 1996.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hellmuth Benesh. “Atlas de la Psychologie”. Librairie Générale Française, 1995, pour l’édition française.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J. S. McClelland. “The Crowd and The Mob”. Book printed in Great Britain at the University Press, Cambridge. 1989.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. E. Roloff. “Interpersonal Communication - The Social Exchange Approach”. SAGE Publications, v.6, London. 1981.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    P. Mannoni. “La Psychologie Collective”. Presses Universitaires de France, Paris. 1985.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    O’Renault, N.M.Thalmarin, D. Thalmann. “A Vision Based Approach to Behavioral Animation”. The Journal of Visualization and Computer Animation, v.1, n. 1, pp. 18–21.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    T. K. Capin, I. S. Pandzic, H. Noser, N. Thalmann, D. Thalmann. “Virtual Human Representation and Communication in VLNET Networked Virtual Environments”. IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications, Special Issue on Multimedia Highways, March 1997.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. R. Musse
    • 1
  • D. Thalmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Computer Graphics LabSwiss Federal Institute of Technology EPFLLausanneSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations