Rendering Iridescent Colors of Optical Disks

  • Yinlong Sun
  • F. David Fracchia
  • Mark S. Drew
  • Thomas W. Calvert
Part of the Eurographics book series (EUROGRAPH)

Abstract

Iridescent colors of optical disks are caused by light diffraction from their surface microstructure. This paper proposes a diffractive illumination model for optical disks based on their physical structure and the superposition principle of light waves. This model includes contributions due to diffractive and non-diffractive factors. For the diffractive part, we first model the pit periodicity for optical disks by using identical spheres and then simplify their distribution by uniform groups of spheres. We also propose and prove the condition for highlights on illuminated grooved surfaces; this condition provides the non-diffractive contribution. The rendered images using this model achieve excellent agreement with photographs of real optical disks.

Keywords

iridescent colors optical disks diffraction illumination spectral rendering 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Beckmann63.
    P. Beckmann and A. Spizzichino, The Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves from Rough Surfaces, Macmillan, New York, 1963.Google Scholar
  2. Born75.
    M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics: Electromagnetic Theory of Propagation, Interference and Diffraction of Light, Pergamon, Oxford, 1975.Google Scholar
  3. Foley96.
    J. D. Foley, A. van Dam, S. K. Feiner, and J. F. Hughes, Computer Graphics Principles and Practice, Second Edition, Assison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1996.MATHGoogle Scholar
  4. Hall89.
    R. A. Hall, Illumination and Color in Computer Generated Imagery, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1989.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. He91.
    X. D. He, K. E. Torrance, F. X. Sillion, and D. P. Greenberg, “A Comprehensive Physical Model for Light Reflection,” Computer Graphics, Proc. of ACM SIGGRAPH 91, ACM Press, New York, 1991, pp. 175–186.Google Scholar
  6. Hecht98.
    E. Hecht, Optics, Third Edition, Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA, 1998.Google Scholar
  7. Kittel76.
    C. Kittel, Introduction to Solid State Physics, 5th Edition, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1976.Google Scholar
  8. Nassau83.
    K. Nassau, The Physics and Chemistry of Color: The Fifteen Causes of Color, John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1983.Google Scholar
  9. Noldeke90.
    C. Noldeke, “Compact Disc Diffraction,” The Physics Teacher, Oct. 1990, pp. 484–485.Google Scholar
  10. Phong75.
    B. Phong, “Illumination for Computer Generated Images,” Communications of the ACM, Vol 18, No. 6, 1975, pp. 311–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Poulin90.
    P. Poulin and A. Fournier, “A Model for Anisotropic Reflection,” Computer Graphics, Proc. of ACM SIGGRAPH 90, ACM Press, New York, 1990, pp. 273–282.Google Scholar
  12. Purcell97.
    L. Purcell and D. Martin, The Complete Recordable-CD Guide, Sybex, San Francisco, 1997.Google Scholar
  13. Schwartz93.
    K. Schwartz, The Physics of Optical Recording, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Stam99.
    J. Stam, “Diffraction Shaders,” Computer Graphics, Proc. of ACM SIGGRAPH 99, ACM Press, New York, 1999, pp. 101–110.Google Scholar
  15. Sun98.
    Y. Sun, F. D. Fracchia, and M. S. Drew, “A Composite Model for Representing Spectral Functions”, Simon Fräser University, Technical Report SFU CMPT TR 1998–18, 1998. Available at ftp://fas.sfu.ca/pub/cs/TR/1998/.Google Scholar
  16. Sun99.
    Y. Sun, F. D. Fracchia, M. S. Drew, and T. W. Calvert, “Rendering Iridescent Colors of Optical Disks,” Simon Fräser University, Technical Report SFU CMPT TR 1999–08, (1999). Available at ftp://fas.sfu.ca/pub/cs/TR/1999/.Google Scholar
  17. Williamson83.
    S. J. Williamson and H. Z. Cummins, Light and Color in Nature and Art, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1983.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yinlong Sun
    • 1
  • F. David Fracchia
    • 1
  • Mark S. Drew
    • 1
  • Thomas W. Calvert
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Computing ScienceSimon Fraser UniversityBurnabyCanada

Personalised recommendations