Functional (Psychogenic) Movement Disorders: Phenomenology, Diagnosis and Treatment

  • A. Macerollo
  • M. J. EdwardsEmail author


Functional (psychogenic) movement disorders (FMD) are part of the spectrum of functional neurological disorders. FMD occupy a grey area between neurology and psychiatry characterized by complex pathophysiology, difficulties in making and communicating the diagnosis to the patients and multidisciplinary management. In this chapter, we provide an update on the current knowledge on clinical phenomenology, diagnosis and management of FMD.


Functional tremor Fixed dystonia Functional weakness Gait abnormalities Physiotherapy Cognitive behavioural therapy 

Supplementary material

Video 34.1

Functional tremor (WMV 3997 kb)

Video 34.2

Fixed dystonia (WMV 1060 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sobell Department of Motor Neuroscience and Movement DisordersNational Hospital of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Institute of Neurology, University College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Institute of Molecular and Clinical SciencesSt George’s University of LondonLondonUK

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