Cardiovascular Effects of Sphingosine-1-Phosphate (S1P)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) regulates important functions in cardiac and vascular homeostasis. It has been implied to play causal roles in the pathogenesis of many cardiovascular disorders such as coronary artery disease, atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, and heart failure. The majority of S1P in plasma is associated with high-density lipoproteins (HDL), and their S1P content has been shown to be responsible, at least in part, for several of the beneficial effects of HDL on cardiovascular risk. The attractiveness of S1P-based drugs for potential cardiovascular applications is increasing in the wake of the clinical approval of FTY720, but answers to important questions on the effects of S1P in cardiovascular biology and medicine must still be found. This chapter focuses on the current understanding of the role of S1P and its receptors in cardiovascular physiology, pathology, and disease.
KeywordsHigh-density lipoproteins (HDL) Apolipoproteins Myocardial infarction Preconditioning Arterial tone Atherosclerosis Endothelial permeability Coronary artery disease (CAD) Macrophages Heart rate FTY720
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